The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The talent of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. wwlvs_cp_1__95514.jpg Castles were more fundamental designs and often constructed on blustery hills, where their people devoted both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, commonly positioned in the widest, most fertile hollows. The barren fortresses did not provide for the peaceful avocation of gardening. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most intact model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to attackers intending to dig under the castle walls. On one of these terraces sits a charming bowling green: it is covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Garden Water Fountains: The Numerous Designs From Which to Pick

Gardens allow you to escape into nature and be outside anytime you want. While it is not a simple undertaking to build one, you will be grateful you did once you are able to relax and enjoy it. A beautiful garden will augment any property value, as “curb appeal” is important to the market value. There are many ways to boost the visual charm of a yard, like adding flowers and plants, artwork, an attractive pavement, or a water feature.

The visual appeal of any garden can be greatly improved by simply adding a water fountain. A true fantasyland can be created from what used to be a very ordinary spot. You are not the only one who will love the serenity the sounds of the water create; you might also notice an increase in the number of birds and other friendly creatures visiting. Before you know it, the whole entire garden or yard will have a new centerpiece.

Delight in the Splendor of the Cascade Water Feature at Chatsworth Garden

At the back of Chatsworth House, the Cascade garden fountain creates a dazzling centerpiece to the landscape. Extending down the hillside for 200 yards towards the home is a group of 24 irregularly spaced stone steps. The Cascade is founded on a 17th century French concept and is totally gravity fed too. Remaining unchanged since its inception, this water fountain was originally created for the very first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. The Cascade House stands at the top of the fountain where water flows downward. A little building, the residence is decorated on the exterior with ocean creatures in bas-relief. Water pressure to the Cascade can be increased on specific occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade spectacle, as liquid flows through conduits on its roof and from the mouths of its carved ocean creatures, before proceeding all the way down the Cascade. The sound of the water falling differs as it falls down the Cascades mainly because of the slight variance in the size of each and every step thereby delivering a fantastic and calming complement to a walk through the gardens. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was chosen by historians at Country Life as the best water fountain in England.

Chatsworth Gardens and its "Revelation" Fountain

“Revelation,” the most recent acquisition to the ornamental garden fountains of Chatsworth, was designed by well-known British sculptor Angela Conner. In 2004/5 she was commissioned by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to design a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in brass and steel, for the Queen’s 80th birthday bash. Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s earliest ponds, had “Revelation” installed in 1999. The four large metallic petals open and close with the movement of water, alternatively camouflaging and revealing a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s heart. The sculpture’s dimensions are five meters high by five meters wide and includes a steel globe coated with gold dust. This most recent water fountain is an exciting and innovative addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth, unique in that the movement of the petals is completely driven by water.

Impressive Water Fountains Around the World

Referred to as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) found in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously operating fountain in the world. The water reaches the amazing height of 260 meters (853 feet) over the Red Sea.

Reaching water levels of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the 2nd highest worldwide.

The Gateway Geyser (1995) situated next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is number three on the list. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this fountain is the tallest in the U.S..

Next is the fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which jets water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can attain up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are running, even though it typically only reaches up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 next to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded music and shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at #7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Free Water Fountains Around Berkley, California

In February 2014, a taxation on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to bring in such a law. The aim is to have men and women drinking more water and other natural beverages by increasing the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was done to assure that residents of all races and economic classes had access to clean, working drinking fountains. The study utilized a GPS app to collect data on current water fountains in the city. Investigators then used US Census data to find out even more about the economic and racial factors that affected the city. The two data sets were reviewed to determine what class distinctions, if any, there were in access to running water fountains. The research was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the state of the fountains was better or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. While the majority of the fountains were in working order, an astonishing number were discovered to be in a poor state of repairs.

Outdoor Water Fountains: Honor the Life of a Person you Cherished

To pay tribute to the memory of someone who has died, consider creating a garden fountain. Age-old customs are commonly met with resistance nowadays.

Yet most societies even today build memorials to honor their dead. A lot of people include intimate personal things on a memorial to remind them of their loved one. They can be designed in endless ways, and backyard garden fountains are widely seen as a beautiful way to remember those who have passed. Adding personal items such as photographs or a nameplate, planting a tree, or holding annual remembrance ceremonies at the fountain will make the garden fountain more unique to your loved one.

Garden fountains allow you to pay homage to loved ones you have lost. Give thanks for the achievement, abundance, and good fortune of the defunct with the symbolic flowing water of a fountain. In order to last a long time, your garden fountain ought to be well made, sturdy, and resistant to changing weather. When you get your garden fountain up and working, you will want to make sure it is going to last for many years.


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The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping
The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century significantly transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The talent of the... read more