Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Come From?

s-288__81632.jpg A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Residents of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and celebrate the designer. The main materials used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create smaller variations of the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for public spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational gatherings.

Original Water Delivery Solutions in Rome

With the construction of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to be dependent solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. If people residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the remaining existing solutions of the time, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that ran underground through Acqua Vergine to supply water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it easier to maintain the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. The cistern he had built to collect rainwater wasn’t adequate to meet his water requirements. To provide himself with a much more effective system to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened, offering him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

An Short Guide to Herbs in Your Garden

An Introduction to Container Gardens & Herbs.

You'll get instant gratification when you grow natural herbs in the garden as they can be used in preparing sauces, soups, marinades and a wide array of other recipes. Maintaining your herb garden all year is simple to do as you can place the natural herbs in pots and move them in when the climate starts to turn cold. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. Over and above this, you really should give consideration to your personal taste preferences when choosing herbs to flavor dinners. Basil, oregano, and thyme are great herbs to plant if you enjoy cooking and eating Italian food. If you prefer Latin themed food, you may decide to cultivate cilantro instead. Where you put your herb garden will define which herbs can grow there. To make the job easier, plant directly in the ground if you live in a moderate climate without extreme winters or summers This makes your yard look beautiful without the trouble of making or buying planters. If you don't want to your plants to die or become dormant after becoming subjected to severe weather conditions, you can still rely on planters. They are handy and convenient and you can relocate inside at any time.

What You Will Need to Have for an Outdoor Water Fountain

Two things many people forget about when planning the installation of a garden fountain is a handy water source and an electrical outlet in close proximity. The practical side of setting one up is often disregarded because people get so focused on the wonder of it. Most power cords are 12 feet long and need a 120v outdoor outlet, though an extension cord can always be added. You will also require a water supply close by so that you can effortlessly fill your water fountain. It is difficult to move water from one location to another. If you have thought about it before installation, having a hose nearby will make the task of filling the fountain much simpler. The ideal setup is with a water fountain autofill, but this has to be attached to an external water line and requires a skilled person to install it.

Fountains Where Your Favorite Feline Can Play Around

Anytime your cat hears water flowing in the kitchen, does he come running? Does he drink from the toilet or feel the water in his bowl before drinking it?

Odd as these behaviors appear, they in fact show a cat’s natural instinct to avoid still standing water. Normally, they do not drink standing water.

Cats in the wild generally get the water they need from meats containing water. Therefore, felines never developed the instinct to drink water. That said, domestic cats do in fact need additional water, so it is up to you to provide it. Cat fountains are a simple way to provide a water supply for your pet.

Unlimited fresh water will continually be available to your pet if you get one. The variety of different models will allow you to pick a fountain best suited to your cat. Some fountains are essentially a bowl which refills automatically while others supply fresher water due to their continuous flow.

Impressive Water Displays Across the World

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain worldwide. Attaining incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain propels water 260 meters (853 feet) in the air.

Coming in second is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water blasting 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located close to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. Considered the highest fountain in the United States, it jets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes it on the list.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps operate at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. Once every half hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at number 7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Contained Fountains: Are They Useful?

People appreciate self-contained fountains for their simple installation and lower cost. The plumbing, pump, and other materials come included with the fountain. Another name for a fountain having its own water supply is referred to as “self-contained”.

Self-contained water fountains are quite easy to install making them the best option for your patio or veranda. Their versatility is also an advantage, as they are very easy to move around.

Once you decide where you want to install your fountain, your landscaper should verify that it is not too bumpy or uneven. Lawns and gardens tend to be bumpy so your landscaper will have to level the spot where you want to install it. The following step is to put your water element in place and add water. Last but not least, connect it to a solar panel, a wall socket, or batteries, and it will be ready to go.

The best choice for anyone who wants convenience and does not want to use external plumbing or water source is a self-contained fountain. Many fountain owners want them to be the focal point of their yards and place them right in the middle, although they can actually go anywhere in the garden. You purchase them in myriad different materials such as cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.


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