A Magnificent Example of Roman Expertise: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

94-907-1801__25967.jpg Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have stumbled upon a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Located in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the acclaimed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not oftentimes visited. For the most part, people stayed away from the area because it was a sad and neglected part of the city. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to build a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to put down the foundation of the church. The consecration of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Where did Fountains Come From?

The dramatic or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs nearby. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move down or jet high into the air. Fountains were not only used as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the artist who created it. Roman fountains often depicted images of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains made to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. The creation of special water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Nowadays, fountains adorn public areas and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Grow Your Enterprise with a Fountain in Your Offices

Most customers think water fountains are a great addition to a business. If you have a business or store, having a water fountain will likely bring in more clientele and differentiate you from others. Yoga studios, bookstores, coffee shops, salons, and other retail spaces are ideal places to place a water feature. The right water fountain will offer a relaxing ambiance to a business where people enjoy gathering outdoors. Couples out on a romantic date will definitely value a memorable fountain in any bar or restaurant.

Outdoor Fountain Designers Through History

Often working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci as a inspired genius, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance creator. He carefully noted his findings in his currently renowned notebooks, following his tremendous fascination in the forces of nature led him to investigate the characteristics and motion of water. Early Italian fountain engineers converted private villa settings into inventive water exhibits full of emblematic meaning and natural charm by combining imagination with hydraulic and gardening experience. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. For the various mansions in the vicinity of Florence, other fountain designers were well versed in humanistic themes and classical scientific texts, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water attributes and water antics.

How Many Variations of Garden Water Fountains Can I Choose From?

Gardens allow you to escape into nature and be outside when you want. Although there is a lot of work involved in getting a new one designed and made, it is worth the effort for anyone who will be using it. Both the “curb appeal” and the value of your property will be driven up when you put in an eye-catching garden. Experts recommend adding flowers or trees, a pavement, a beautiful water feature, or unique statues to enhance the overall look of your property.

A significant improvement to your garden can be accomplished by putting in a water fountain. Where you once had a basic area, you will now enjoy an outdoor wonderland. The trickling water of your fountain will not only give you a calming oasis, it will also attract wild birds and other friendly local animals. Before you know it, the entire garden or yard will have a new center of attention.

Brief Outline of Herb Gardening

A lot of gardeners notice that they are attracted to understanding more about herbs as they are simple to grow and enjoyable to use in cooking. You'll obtain immediate gratification when you grow herbal plants in the garden as they can be included in preparing sauces, soups, marinades and a variety of other recipes. An herb garden is easy to maintain with minimum daily care, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be easily moved inside once autumn frosts begin, making it possible to maintain an herb garden all year long. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. In addition, the kinds of herbs you really like to cook with should affect your personal herb choices. Personalize your herb garden to the type of food you most consistently cook. For instance, plant cilantro if you prefer Mexican or Thai food. If you fix more Italian food, certainly plant basil, oregano, and thyme. Where you put your herb garden will confirm which herbs can grow there. It may be easier to plant right into the ground if you live in a place that has warm winters and cooler summers. It is both an attractive way to landscape your yard and an effortless choice because you do not need to assemble or buy planters. Are you worried that your area has horrible climate that might cause your plants to die or become dormant? Try out planters because with their versatility and practicality allows you to move the herbs indoors at any time.

Free Drinking Fountains Around Berkley, California

Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. By making soda more costly, it’s hoped that people will make better choices for what their children drink, like water as an example.

Efforts were made to find out the state of local drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. Through data amassed by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to identify the condition of existing water fountains in Berkley. The US Census Community Study database was used to compile information relating to race and economic status in these locations. Comparisons were made amongst the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected availability to clean, working water fountains. The analysis was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the state of the fountains was greater or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. Some of the water fountains were dirty or plugged, despite the fact that most fountains worked.


Chatsworth Gardens: The Revelation Fountain
Angela Conner, the well-known British sculptor, designed “Revelation,” the most recent acquisition to the ornamental exterior fountains of Chatsworth. In celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration, she was mandated by the deceased 11th Duke... read more
Chatsworth Gardens: The Revelation Water Display
Angela Conner, the well-known British sculptor, crafted “Revelation,” the latest addition to the appealing exterior fountains of Chatsworth. She was... read more
Creators of the First Water Fountains
Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was... read more
Agrippa’s Marvelous Water-lifting Machine
The compliments Agrippa’s water-lifting creation received from Andrea Bacci in 1588 was short-lived. It could perhaps be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest conduit, the Acqua Felice, began providing the Villa Medici, there was no longer a great... read more