A Genuine Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not often visited. The part of town where it was located was depressing and uninviting which generally kept people away. wwlhs-cv__61120.jpg In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to create a water fountain for the area. August 11, 1717 marked the date when work on the church’s infrastructure started. The consecration of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

The Benefits of Solar Energy Powered Garden Fountains

There are various power sources which can be used to run your garden wall fountain. The recent interest in eco-friendly power has led to a rise in the usage of solar run fountains, even though till now they have primarily been powered by electricity. Solar energy is a great way to run your water fountain, just know that initial expenses will most likely be higher. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are the most common materials chosen to build solar powered water fountains. This wide array of options makes it easier to purchase one which fits your interior design. Easy to care for and an excellent way to make a real contribution to the eco-system, they are wonderful additions to your garden refuge as well.

In addition to its visible charm, interior wall fountains can also serve to keep your house at a cool temperature. Yet another option to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they utilize the identical principles to cool your living space Since they consume less electricity, they also help you save money on your monthly energy bill.

Their cooling effect can be by blowing crisp, dry air across them. Utilizing the ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can help to optimize circulation. The most important consideration is to make sure that the air is continuously flowing over the surface of the water. It is natural for fountains and waterfalls to produce cool, fresh air. You will feel a sudden coolness in the air when you come near a big waterfall or fountain. Your fountain cooling system should not be placed in an area which is especially hot. Direct sunlight, for example, diminishes the ability of your fountain to generate cold air.

How Technical Concepts of Fountains Spread

Spreading practical hydraulic information and water feature design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the published papers and illustrated books of the time. An unnamed French fountain designer became an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. His competence in making landscapes and grottoes with integrated and imaginative water features began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a publication which turned into the fundamental book on hydraulic technology and engineering, was composed by him toward the end of his lifetime in France. The book updated key hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as explaining modern day hydraulic technologies. As a mechanical means to move water, Archimedes devised the water screw, fundamental among vital hydraulic advancements. A pair of undetectable vessels heated by the sun's rays in a space adjacent to the creative water fountain were found in an illustration. What occurs is the hot water expanded, goes up and locks up the pipes heading to the water feature, consequently leading to stimulation.

Designs for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and outdoor ponds are also covered in the book.

The Appeal of Multi-Tiered Water Features

For a long time now, multi-tiered fountains have been common, most notably in gardens. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain generally have lots of tiered fountains. Piazzas and building courtyards are very common places where you will see tiered fountains. Impressive carvings can be found on some of the most lavish tiered fountains, while others have much simpler designs.

Any area can be enhanced with one, although a more traditional setting is sometimes more appropriate. The fountain should blend right into the surroundings as if it has been there since the outset.

Water Transport Solutions in Ancient Rome

Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Rome, inhabitants who lived on hillsides had to go even further down to get their water from natural sources. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone techniques available at the time to supply water to areas of greater elevation. To deliver water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they implemented the new technique of redirecting the current from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel.

Spanning the length of the aqueduct’s passage were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access. Even though they were originally manufactured to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started out using the manholes to gather water from the channel, commencing when he purchased the property in 1543. He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his property to collect rainwater. Via an opening to the aqueduct that ran underneath his property, he was able to reach his water demands.

Where are the World’s Biggest Water Displays?

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia has the leading continuously- running water fountain known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985). It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Coming in 2nd is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water blasting 202 meters (663 feet).

Located next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is third placed Gateway Geyser (1995). It rockets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the USA.

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps operate at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located next to the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building.

The fountain propels water up to 73 meters (240 feet) and performs once every half hour to pre-recorded music - and even has extreme shooters, not used in every show, which reach up to 150 meters (490 feet).

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Outdoor Water Fountains: Setup Recommendations

A water source and an electrical socket are two essential items that many people do not consider when determining where they want to setup their garden fountain. Sometimes new owners get so caught up in the romance of their new purchase that they forget critical details. If you require an extension cord to reach a 120v wall socket, feel free to use one, as standard power cords are only 12 feet long. A practical place to get water is important since you will need to fill your fountain. It is tough to move water from one location to another. The simplest way to fill the fountain is with a nearby water hose. The ideal setup is with a water fountain autofill, but this has to be connected to an external water line and needs a skilled person to install it.


Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Solutions
Prior to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Roma, citizens who resided on hillsides had to travel further down to gather their water from natural sources. If... read more
Wall Fountains: The Minoan Culture
On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have discovered conduits of multiple types. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. Many were created from... read more
Can Garden Fountains Help Cleanse The Air?
If what you are after is to breathe life into an otherwise boring ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the answer. Installing this type of indoor feature... read more
Keeping Your Large Garden Fountains Tidy
Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking on it every day - this will keep it in tip-top condition. Low water levels can damage the pump - and you do not want that! read more
Reasons to Give Thought To Putting in a Disappearing Water Fountain in your Backyard
There are many special benefits to a disappearing fountain as opposed to other fountains. The water comes from underground and does not form a large pool above ground so any danger to those around... read more