Free Drinking Fountains in and Around Berkley, Ca

The 1st American city to implement a tax on sugary drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. pd-175__13251.jpg By making soda more expensive, it’s thought that people will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water for instance. Efforts were made to find out the condition of local drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. By developing a mobile GPS application, analysts were able to gather data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. Analysts then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial factors that influenced the city. The 2 data sets were compared to determine what class variances, if any, there were in access to running water fountains. The evaluation was able to determine the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the state of the fountains was greater or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The tidiness of numerous fountains was found inadequate, even if most were operating.

The Demand for Water Features in Japanese Landscapes

Japanese gardens typically have a water element. They tend to be put right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are considered representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very simple because they are meant to call attention to the water itself.

Bamboo is a popular material to use for spouts and therefore often incorporated into water fountains. The water flows through the bamboo spout and collects in the stone basin underneath. In addition, it is important to the overall look that it appear as if it has been out of doors for a long time. It is important that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural environment, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. Obviously, this fountain is something more than just a basic decoration.

If you want to get a bit more imaginative, try a stone fountain enhanced with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. Gradually moss begins to grow over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area starts to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

More substantial water features can be developed if there is enough open land. Lots of people include a koi pond or a small stream as a final touch.

Water, however, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. It is acceptable to use representations of water instead of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. You can also assemble flat stones and put them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

Instructions for Installing a Wall Water Element

Make any living space much better with a wall fountain. The relaxing sound of the waterfall will relax and sooth. People tend to hang wall fountains in any space where folks gather, but most commonly in foyers. Even though each model might have slight differences on how to hang it, the general instructions are the same for all. Be sure that all the various components are used in assembling it. The base and the upper part will need to be put together as well as the pump and the tubing. Do not forget to review the guidelines before getting started in order to avert mistakes. The set-up work is quite simple to grasp. Be aware, though, that the style you have might require a somewhat different process. Another person can be helpful to hold the wall fountain in the correct position so that you can mark the wall.

To make sure it will be straight, use a level. Draw your marks at both the top and the bottom. There is more than a single method to mount a wall fountain. You will see slots on the back side of the wall fountain which can be mounted directly onto the screws. Alternatively, you could affix brackets to the wall and use those. The bracket alternative is best, specifically for wall fountains that are big and bulky. Mark the point on the wall where the brackets need to be installed. Use a drill to make the pilot holes on the wall for the drywall anchors. Attentively hammer the anchors into the wall. The brackets can then be mounted on the wall utilizing a screwdriver or rechargeable drill. The wall fountain is all set to be mounted onto the brackets. Be certain that it is correctly aligned and not loose. Water can be added once the fountain has been mounted. The pump should be fully immersed under water. Now plug it in and the water will start to move. The water basin should be filled to about one inch below the top edge. Be mindful not to fill it completely to the top or it will overflow when you switch off the pump. The water level will rise because all of the circulating water will settle down at the base of the basin. If the fountain is too full, water can spill out and cause damage to the immediate area.

Explore the World’s Most Impressive Fountains

Referred to as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously operating fountain in the world. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the air.

Reaching water levels of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the 2nd highest worldwide.

The Gateway Geyser (1995) situated next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is #3 on the list. It propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the USA.

Next is the fountain found in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which jets water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can reach up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are working, even though it typically only reaches up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain was opened in 2009 near to Burj Khalifa - the world's highest building. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Water Features: Furry Friends, Flying Friends and You

Anyone who has bird feeders knows that outdoor water fountains bring in wildlife. Birds must have water to drink, bathe in, as well a place to groom, or preen. Robins, thrushes, orioles and warblers, though not attracted to bird feeders, are alternatively drawn to the movement of water created by fountains. Birds are often drawn to outdoor fountains because of their flowing water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths. Birds are highly attracted to the trickling and splashing music produced.

Dogs are attracted to fountains because they provide refreshing water to drink. Dogs and cats will be outdoors looking out for refreshing water during hot temperatures. Because water in fountains is always moving, they do not need much maintenance, whereas the still water of birdbaths collect debris and require more care.

The Genesis Of Outdoor Fountains

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains had to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the designer.

Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often used by Romans to beautify their fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational activities.

Ancient Greece: The Roots of Outdoor Statue Design

Even though most sculptors were remunerated by the temples to decorate the detailed columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the time period came to a close, it became more common for sculptors to represent ordinary people as well because plenty of Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Rich families would often times commission a rendition of their forefathers for their large family burial tombs; portraiture also became frequent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. All through the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of visual progress, the use of sculpture and many other art forms greatly improved, so it is erroneous to say that the arts served just one function. Greek sculpture was actually a modern component of antiquity, whether the cause was faith based fervor or visual satisfaction, and its contemporary quality may be what endears it to us now.

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