Rome’s Early Water Transport Solutions

Rome’s 1st raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, inhabitants living at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at raised elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they employed the new process of redirecting the stream from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at standard intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. twf029-ei__30264.1377264653.208.278_category.original.jpg Whilst these manholes were created to make it simpler and easier to preserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to remove water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Whilst the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it didn’t produce sufficient water. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat below his property, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

Taking Care Of Large Garden Fountains

A vital first step before installing any outdoor wall fountain is to analyze the space you have available. It will require a strong wall to support its overall weight. So spaces or walls which are smaller will most probably require something light. In order for the fountain to have electrical power, a nearby electrical plug is needed. Since there are many varieties of outdoor wall fountains, installation procedures vary, but the majority include easy to follow instructions.

Most outside wall fountains come in easy-to-use kits that will give you all you need to properly install it. A submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir, are included in the kit. Depending on its size, the basin can typically be hidden quite easily amongst the plants. Once installed, wall fountains typically only need to have some light upkeep and regular cleaning.

It is essential to replenish the water consistently so that it remains clean. Remember to remove debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as quickly as possible. Additonally, outdoor fountains should always be shielded from freezing temperatures in winter. If left outdoors, your pump could break as a result of freezing water, so bring it inside during the winter. To sum up, your outdoor wall fountain will continue to be a great addition to your garden if you keep it well looked after and well maintained.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worthy of Experiencing

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The well-known marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was built in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area because it was abject and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. In order to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain for the area. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to lay down the foundation of the church. After blessing of the first stone, medallions with the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.

A Fountain Your Feline Will Appreciate

Is your feline attracted to the noise of running water in the sink? Does he reach into the toilet or feel the water in his bowl before putting his face in it? While these behaviors might seem peculiar, in fact they are common because cats shy away from water that is not moving. In fact, they do not have a strong natural instinct to hydrate.

Cats in the wild generally get the hydration they need from meats containing water. For this reason, an instinctive longing for water never developed in felines. Pet cats, though, depend on you for their water, as they do not get the adequate hydration from their foods. To keep a good water source for your pet, get it a cat fountain.

If you install one, you can rest easy knowing your cat has convenient access to water. You can choose one you know your cat will enjoy since they come in so many different models. There are fountains that always have nonstop flowing clean water while others have a basin which refills as your pet cat drinks from it.

The Advantages of a Water Fountain to Your Daily Life

Having a fountain around can enhance your day-to-day life as the soothing sound of the water provides a sense of tranquility, and the movement of the water serves to clean and moisten the air.

You might be surprised to learn of all the benefits of being around an indoor or outdoor garden fountain. All over the world coastal cities have large populations which may perhaps be related to the fact that the human body consists mainly of water. All living creatures need water to exist, and while you could move to a pricey house on the beach somewhere, a much easier and economical possibility is to install a water feature wherever you live.

Your patio, porch, or back yard can be upgraded by setting up an outdoor garden fountain. You might be surprised how your beautiful outdoor space can be even more appealing with one of the many outdoor water features on the market. It could be a beautiful addition to the wall of your enclosed porch or outdoors above the veranda. If you have a flower bed, look into installing a beautiful tiered type there to add a sense of peace. The flow of the water in birdbath fountains, as compared to unmoving water, means that bacteria and algae will not accumulate in the water, making for healthier water for wild birds. Add the final touch with the tranquil sound of running water in your garden.

Reasons to Purchase Your Own Pond Fountain

When picturing a fountain, most people first think of the artfully sculpted ones found adorning beautiful homes, parks, public buildings, etc. However, they can really suit any decor, as they can be made in just about any shape, size, and design. This type of element could even fit into the aesthetics of your garden, yard, or exterior decor.

Two positive things will take place if you put in one of your own. One is the sense of calm and loveliness that fountains create.

What you want at the end of a rough day is the relaxing sound of the water and a tranquil ambiance. The environment will end up being a bit more elegant, too. In addition, your beautiful fountain will inspire your guests to gather around and take photos, making your get-togethers even more fun.

Secondly, the fish in your pond will enjoy healthier water if you install this kind of water feature. A pond fountain will oxygenate the water by keeping it circulating, which is fantastic for fish. The better-oxygenated and constantly circulating water will ensure your fish are around for a long time. Your plant life will also prosper.

The Earliest Water Features

As originally conceived, water fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from streams or reservoirs to the inhabitants of towns and villages, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. The force of gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the conclusion of the nineteenth century, using the potent power of water traveling downhill from a spring or brook to squeeze the water through valves or other outlets. Fountains spanning history have been created as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and travelers alike. The contemporary fountains of today bear little likeness to the first water fountains. Simple stone basins crafted from local rock were the first fountains, used for religious functions and drinking water.

The initial stone basins are suspected to be from around 2000 BC. Early fountains used in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to control the movement of water through the fountain. These original fountains were built to be functional, usually situated along aqueducts, streams and rivers to supply drinking water. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, crafted from rock and bronze. The extraordinary aqueducts of Rome supplied water to the eye-catching public fountains, many of which you can travel to today.


Chatsworth Gardens and its "Revelation" Fountain
Angela Conner, the famous British sculptor, designed “Revelation,” the latest acquisition to the appealing exterior fountains of Chatsworth. In 2004/2005 she was commissioned by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to produce a... read more
Early Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome
Rome’s first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, inhabitants residing at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. Throughout this period, there were only... read more
Where are the World’s Tallest Fountains?
And finally comes the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height. read more
Enrich Your Workplace Environment with a Garden Water Element
It all boils down to the need to bring in new business and make an immediate favorable impact. An eye-catching garden fountain is like having a welcoming committee for new clients outside your company at all... read more