Outdoor Fountain Engineers Through History

Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was renowned as a inventive intellect, inventor and scientific virtuoso. art_shot2_ft_131__36308.jpg The forces of nature guided him to research the properties and movement of water, and due to his fascination, he methodically documented his findings in his now famed notebooks. Modifying private villa settings into ingenious water exhibits complete of symbolic meaning and natural wonder, early Italian water fountain engineers paired curiosity with hydraulic and gardening ability. The magnificence in Tivoli were created by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was celebrated for his capabilities in archeology, engineering and garden design. Masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water features and water antics for the various estates near Florence, other water fountain engineers were well versed in humanistic themes and classical scientific texts.

Gardens of Chatworth: The Revelation Water Display

Created by popular English sculptor Angela Conner, "Revelation" is the most recent addition to the Chatsworth decorative garden water features. The now deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire commissioned her, due to her work in brass and steel, to make a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth in celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday. In 1999 Revelation was installed in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s earliest ponds. Taking the shape of four big flower petals which open and close with the circulation of water, the metal fountain alternatively hides and reveals a gold colored globe at the heart of the sculpture. A metallic globe decorated with gold dust was integrated into the sculpture, which rests five meters high and five meters in width. This newest water feature is an interesting and unique addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth, because the motion of petals is totally powered by water.

Stand-Alone Fountains: Are They Convenient?

People like self-contained fountains for their easy installation and low price. All of the components are provided with the fountain including the plumbing and pump. One name for a fountain having its own water source is known as “self-contained”.

Self-contained fountains are simple to install making them perfect for anyone looking for a patio fountain. Since they are versatile, it is easy to relocate them whenever you want.

The first issue the landscaper will need to find out is whether or not the land is level. Any holes and bumps can quickly be leveled by your landscaper. Your water feature is now ready for setup and the addition of water. Last but not least, connect it to a solar panel, a wall socket, or batteries, and it will be good to go.

Anyone who does not have easy access to a wellspring or external plumbing should think about a self-contained fountain.

Many fountain owners want them to be the focal point of their yards and position them right in the center, although they can really go anywhere in the garden. You will find them in myriad different materials such as cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.

Rome’s First Water Transport Solutions

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, began delivering the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up till then. During this period, there were only two other innovations capable of delivering water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which amassed rainwater. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by using the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. Pozzi, or manholes, were made at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it much easier to manage the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to pull water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. He didn’t get a sufficient quantity of water from the cistern that he had established on his residential property to gather rainwater. By using an opening to the aqueduct that ran underneath his property, he was able to suit his water needs.

Use a Garden Wall Fountain To Help Boost Air Quality

If what you are after is to breathe life into an otherwise dull ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the solution. Setting up this sort of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general well-being. Science supports the theory that water fountains are good for you.

Water features generally generate negative ions which are then balanced out by the positive ions created by the latest conveniences. Favorable changes to both your emotional and physical well-being take place when the negative ions are overpowered by the positive ions. A rise in serotonin levels is felt by those who have one of these water features making them more alert, serene and lively. Due to the negative ions it releases, an indoor wall fountain can improve your mood and also eliminate impurities in the air. Allergies, air-borne pollutants among other annoyances can be done away with by these water features. Finally, these fountains absorb dust particles and micro-organisms in the air thereby influencing your general health for the better.

The Magnificent Cascade Water Feature at Chatsworth Garden

Forming a spectacular focal point to the landscape at the rear of Chatsworth House is the Cascade garden fountain. Expanding down the hillside for 200 yards in the direction of the house is a group of twenty-four irregularly spaced stone steps. The Cascade, also entirely gravity fed, is based on a 17th century French design. In 1696, this water fountain was built for the first Duke of Devonshire and has been kept unaltered ever since that time. Positioned at the peak of the fountain is the Cascade House, from which water runs downward. Underwater creatures in bas-relief decorate the outside of the residence which is a small construction. Water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted on special occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade pageant, as liquid circulates through conduits on its roof and from the jaws of its carved sea creatures, prior to continuing all the way down the Cascade. The sounds of the water falling differs as it falls down the Cascades mainly because of the slight variation in the size of each and every step thereby providing a great and restful complement to a walk through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was voted the best water feature in England.

Anglo-Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was significantly changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century.

The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But there was no time for home life, domesticated architecture, and adornment until the Normans had overcome the whole realm. Monasteries and castles served separate purposes, so while monasteries were large stone structures constructed in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on learning offensive and defensive practices. Relaxing pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most pristine style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. A spacious terrace meant for exercising and as a way to stop attackers from mining below the walls runs around the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge cut into the shape of crude battlements.


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