Explore the World’s Most Impressive Fountains

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain in the world. The water here jets up to a height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Reaching water levels of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the second highest worldwide.

The Gateway Geyser (1995) found next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is number three on the list. This fountain is considered the tallest in the United States with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet). 150856_11301__11050.jpg

Next is the fountain found in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which shoots water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are in use, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 next to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded songs and shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Chatsworth and its Beautiful Cascading Water Feature

At the rear of Chatsworth House, the Cascade garden water fountain forms a dazzling focal point to the gardens. Twenty-four irregularly spaced stone steps in a series run along 200 yards in the direction of the house and down the hillside. Based on a 17th century French concept, the Cascade is also completely gravity fed. Created for the initial Duke of Devonshire in 1696, this water fountain has continued unmodified ever since. The Cascade House overlooks the fountain, where water slowly moves downward. Embellished on the outside with underwater creatures in bas-relief, the house is a small building. Water pressure to the Cascade can easily be increased on special situations, causing the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade display, as water passes through conduits on its roof and from the mouths of its carved underwater creatures, before proceeding down the Cascade. Providing a great and comforting complement to a stroll through the landscape, the slight contrast in measurement of each step indicates that the sound of the water cascading down differs as it falls along the Cascades. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was voted the best water fountain in England.

An Introduction to Container Herb Gardening

An ideal herb garden can be made in a container.

It is very likely that a person who is fascinated by the kitchen or garden,will most likely also be enticed by the subject of herbs. Cultivating herbs is straightforward and straight forward, and easily pay off since they can be used in everyday meals, soups, and marinades. It only takes a little time each day to maintain your herb garden, and if you have planter gardens and potted herbs, they can be taken inside once autumn begins to freeze - so you can take delight in your herbs all year long. Each type of herb has a different growth speed, making their harvest times vary. Like all hobbies, herb gardening requires a certain amount of patience. Do not expect to necessarily see results on the first or second day, but it is important to care for an herb garden with precision as things will develop with time.

Interestingly one of Seven Wonders of the World, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, were merely terraced rooftop gardens. They were designed to be water-proof and positioned over a big, curved stone substructure with large storage rooms below. Water came to the terraces by using hydraulic devices and the soil was deep enough to grow trees with great ease. The plants that were selected were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.

A Fabulous Example of Roman Artistry: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of heathen and Christian relics on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The celebrated marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was not well known and situated far from sight making it hard to visit. The part of town where it was located was forlorn and uninviting which was enough to keep visitors away. As part of an effort to revitalize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to design a fountain. August 11, 1717 marked the date when construction on the church’s foundation started. After blessing of the first stone, medallions bearing the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown into the foundation.

Did You Know How Technical Designs And Styles of Fountains Became Known?

Dissiminating useful hydraulic facts and water feature design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the published papers and illustrated publications of the time. An un-named French water fountain developer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. By creating gardens and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water features, he started off his career in Italy by getting imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany.

The book, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written near the end of his life in France, became the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Replacing key hydraulic findings of classical antiquity, the book also details modern hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work highlighted and these included a mechanical means to move water. An decorative water fountain with sunlight warming the liquid in two containers hidden in an adjacent room was displayed in one illustration. The hot water expands and subsequently rises and closes the water pipes thereby triggering the fountain. Designs for pumps, water wheels, water features and outdoor ponds are also covered in the guide.

Water Transport Solutions in Historic Rome

With the manufacturing of the very first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. Throughout this time period, there were only 2 other innovations capable of offering water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. To offer water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they implemented the brand-new approach of redirecting the circulation from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel.

As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Though they were primarily manufactured to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started out using the manholes to get water from the channel, commencing when he obtained the property in 1543. The cistern he had made to collect rainwater wasn’t adequate to meet his water specifications. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat just below his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

The Purpose of Fountains in Japanese Landscapes

A water feature is an essential part of any Japanese garden. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical purifying, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. Since water is supposed to be the central point of a fountain, you will notice that the designs are kept very simple.

Bamboo is a popular material to use for spouts and therefore often added into water fountains. Below the bamboo spout is generally a stone basin which receives the water as it flows down from the spout. It should have a worn-down, weathered look and feel as well. So that the fountain seems at one with nature, people customarily enhance it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants.

To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just attractive decoration.

If you are hoping for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain crafted of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. The idea is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the area, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Anyone who has an extensive area to work with can, of course, install a much bigger water feature. Nice add-ons include a babbling brook or tiny pool with koi in it.

There are other alternatives if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Many people decide to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in actual water. In addition, flat stones can be laid out close enough together to give the impression of a babbling brook.


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