The Story of the Grandiose Cascade Water Fountain at Chatsworth

The Cascade garden fountain forms a dazzling centerpiece to the landscape and is situated at the rear of Chatsworth House. Extending down the hillside for 200 yards in the direction of the residence is a series of twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps. The Cascade, also totally gravity fed, is founded on a 17th century French design. This water fountain has continued unchanged after being designed for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. su311_2__23692.jpg The Cascade House rests at the top of the fountain where water spills downward. The dwelling, embellished on the exterior with marine creatures in bas-relief, is actually a small building. Just before proceeding down the Cascade, on unique occasions water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted, causing the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade spectacle, as water flows through conduits on its rooftop and from the jaws of its carved sea creatures. The sound of the water cascading varies as it descends down the Cascades mainly because of the minor difference in the size of every single step thereby creating a great and restful complement to a trek through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was voted the best water feature in the UK.

"Primitive" Greek Artistry: Large Statuary

Up right up until the Archaic Greeks created the very first freestanding statuary, a phenomenal triumph, carvings had mainly been accomplished in walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, sculptures of adolescent, good-looking male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the bulk of the statues. Thought of by Greeks to represent splendour, the kouroi were formed into firm, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-developed, and athletic. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was turbulent for the Greeks as they progressed into more sophisticated forms of government and art, and gained more information about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece. Still, these clashes did little to hamper the development of the Greek civilization.

Enhance Your Backyard with the Aid of Feng Shui

Add feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can carry energy into your home.

When adding feng shui design into your gardden, even a very small area is adequate. A sizeable space is great for those lucky enough to have it, but a smaller area can still be useful in feng shui design.

Feng shui techniques are identical whether you are working in your garden or your home. The first part is to figure out the bagua, or energy map, of your home, as your garden’s bagua will be an extension of that.

In order to make the most of feng shui, it is important to start by learning how to strengthen each of its five elements.

The northeast corner of your garden, for instance, connects to personal growth and self-cultivation energy, and Earth is the feng shui element that is important to use it.

This could be the perfect place to put a meditative Zen garden with some alluring stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Give some thought to introducing a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

Greece: Cultural Statuary

Most sculptors were remunerated by the temples to adorn the intricate columns and archways with renderings of the gods up until the time period came to a close and countless Greeks began to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more common for sculptors to represent ordinary people as well. Portraiture came to be prevalent as well, and would be embraced by the Romans when they defeated the Greeks, and sometimes affluent families would commission a depiction of their progenitors to be positioned inside their huge familial tombs. During the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of aesthetic development, the use of sculpture and other art forms transformed, so it is incorrect to think that the arts served merely one function. Greek sculpture was actually a cutting-edge component of antiquity, whether the reason was religious fervor or visual satisfaction, and its contemporary quality may be what endears it to us now.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worth Seeing

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The famed marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was relatively unknown and located far from sight making it difficult to visit. It was said that there was very little to see in this area because it was bleak and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to lay down the foundation of the church. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

A Concise History of Public Garden Fountains

As originally developed, fountains were crafted to be functional, directing water from streams or reservoirs to the inhabitants of cities and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the conclusion of the nineteenth century, using the potent power of water traveling downhill from a spring or creek to push the water through spigots or other outlets. The elegance and spectacle of fountains make them ideal for historic memorials. Rough in design, the 1st water fountains didn't appear much like modern fountains. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the 1st fountain, used for containing water for drinking and spiritual functions.

The original stone basins are believed to be from around 2000 B.C.. The jet of water appearing from small spouts was forced by gravity, the only power source creators had in those days. The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along aqueducts, waterways, or streams. The people of Rome began creating ornate fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were metallic or stone masks of creatures and mythological heroes. The remarkable aqueducts of Rome furnished water to the spectacular public fountains, most of which you can travel to today.

The Father Of Roman Water Feature Design

There are countless renowned water fountains in the city center of Rome. One of the best ever sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, conceptualized and constructed almost all of them. Also a city builder, he had skills as a fountain designer, and marks of his life's work are obvious throughout the roads of Rome. A celebrated Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father guided his young son, and they ultimately went to Rome to fully showcase their artwork, primarily in the form of community water features and water fountains. An exceptional worker, Bernin received encouragement and the patronage of popes and well known painters. At the beginning he was recognized for his sculptural abilities. Working faultlessly with Roman marble, he made use of a base of knowledge in the ancient Greek architecture, most obviously in the Vatican. Although a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo affected him the most.


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