Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Fountain Worth Experiencing

Remarkable finds of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Found in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was constructed in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. For the most part, people stayed away from the area because it was a bleak and deserted part of the city. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to erect a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. 6055_7302_art__86412.jpg August 11, 1717 marked the date when construction on the church’s infrastructure commenced. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also tossed in.

The Famed Revelation Garden Fountain at Chatsworth Gardens

Created by celebrated English sculptor Angela Conner, Revelation is the most recent addition to the Chatsworth ornamental garden water fountains. In commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday, she was mandated by the deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to produce a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth designed of brass and steel in 2004. In 1999 Revelation was mounted in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s oldest ponds. Alternatively camouflaging and exposing a golden globe at the sculpture’s heart, the metallic fountain takes the form of four large petals that open and close with the circulation of water. A gold dust colored steel globe was made and included into the prominent sculpture standing five meters in height and five meters wide. This newest water fountain is an intriguing and innovative addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth, unique in that the motion of the flower petals is completely driven by water.

A Brief History of Outdoor Public Fountains

The water from creeks and other sources was initially delivered to the residents of nearby towns and municipalities via water fountains, whose purpose was primarily practical, not artistic. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the later half of the nineteenth century. Fountains throughout history have been designed as memorials, impressing local citizens and tourists alike. Simple in style, the first water fountains didn't look much like contemporary fountains. A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the first fountain, utilized for holding water for drinking and spiritual purposes. The initial stone basins are thought to be from around 2000 B.C.. Gravity was the energy source that controlled the earliest water fountains. The placement of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along aqueducts, waterways, or rivers. The Romans began building elaborate fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were metallic or natural stone masks of creatures and mythological representations. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Install Your Own Garden Fountain in Your Office

You can grow your business by installing a garden fountain. A captivating feature such as this will make customers feel welcome to your office. Offices, in contrast to residential areas, need outdoor fountains that are both impressive as well as inviting to clients and staff alike.

In order to drive corporate success, a company must constantly try to attract new clients and impress them right away. Garden water fountains, attractive plants, and other elements, will add a bit of nature even in limited spaces. Other work spaces are lucky enough to have the area to build a much bigger garden display. Sometimes only a little area of land is available to a company and they must find a way to make a lasting impression with what they have.

New customers who have a good impression of your organization is really the aim in this case.

Putting in an appealing garden fountain can be your secret weapon to acquiring new clients.

Wall Fountains: So Many Options to Pick From

A great solution for areas that do not have a lot of room to play with is a garden wall fountain. They are beautiful and simple to put up, and you do not need a great deal of space. It is easy to find the perfect one as they come in a wide variety of prices and styles. There is also a variety of colors and sizes on the market. Many people go for these attractive water fountains because they add so much charm to their exterior walls. If there is adequate wall space, you might give some thought to buying multiple fountains as they will produce a lovely waterfall effect.

A range of alternatives are available to you when it comes to putting in a garden fountain. The model you want and where to hang it are the first things to figure out.

Did You Know How Mechanical Designs of Water Fountains Became Known?

Throughout Europe, the chief means of spreading useful hydraulic understanding and fountain design suggestions were the circulated papers and illustrated books of the day, which contributed to the advancement of scientific development. An un-named French water feature designer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic leader in the later part of the 1500's. With imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, acquiring experience in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water hydraulics. He penned a book entitled “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the end of his lifetime while in France that turned into the basic text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering.

Updating key hydraulic breakthroughs of classical antiquity, the publication also highlights modern hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, had his work showcased and these integrated a mechanized way to move water. A pair of undetectable containers heated by the sun's rays in a space next to the ornamental water feature were shown in an illustration. Actuating the water fountain is hot liquid which expands and ascends to seal up the water lines. Pumps, water wheels, water features and backyard pond styles are included in the book.

Anglo-Saxon Gardens During the Norman Conquest

The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Castles were more standard designs and often constructed on blustery hills, where their people devoted both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, commonly located in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Gardening, a placid occupation, was impracticable in these fruitless fortifications. Berkeley Castle is most likely the most complete model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror.

A massive terrace serves as a hindrance to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. On 1 of these terraces sits a quaint bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.


Gardens of Chatworth: The "Revelation" Water Feature
Angela Conner, the famous British sculptor, designed “Revelation,” the most recent addition to the appealing exterior fountains of Chatsworth. In celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration, she was commissioned by the late 11th... read more
How Mechanical Designs And Styles of Fountains Spread
The published reports and illustrated books of the time contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation, and were the primary means of... read more
Did You Know How Technical Designs of Water Fountains Became Known?
Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated books of the day. They were also the primary... read more
Garden Water Fountain Designers Through History
Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century often functioned as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one... read more
Fountains And Their Use In Minoa
Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have revealed some types of channels. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were commonly built from clay or stone. When prepared from clay, they were... read more