The History of the Splendid Cascade Water Fountain at Chatsworth

twfs016__70671.jpg The Cascade garden fountain creates a dazzling focal point to the gardens and sits at the rear of Chatsworth House. Twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps in a series stretch 200 yards in the direction of the residence and all the way down the hillside. The Cascade, also entirely gravity fed, is primarily based on a 17th century French format. In 1696, this water fountain was created for the original Duke of Devonshire and has stayed the same ever since that time. Standing at the peak of the fountain is the Cascade House, from which water flows downward. A compact building, the home is adorned on the outside with sea creatures in bas-relief. Prior to proceeding down the Cascade, on unique occasions water pressure to the Cascade can easily be increased, causing the Cascade House to become a part of the Cascade spectacle, as water runs through piping on its roof and originating from the mouths of its carved sea creatures. The music of the water plunging varies as it goes down the Cascades, providing a great and relaxing accompaniment to a saunter through the gardens and formed by the slight variation of each step. This cascade was chosen in a survey, carried out by Country Life in 2004, as England'sbest water feature.

Garden Water Fountain Engineers Through History

Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as an imaginative intellect, inventor and scientific expert. The forces of nature led him to analyze the properties and movement of water, and due to his curiosity, he systematically recorded his experiences in his now renowned notebooks.

Coupling inventiveness with hydraulic and horticultural mastery, early Italian water fountain designers changed private villa settings into amazing water exhibits filled with emblematic meaning and natural beauty. The splendors in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was famed for his capabilities in archeology, architecture and garden design. Other water feature developers, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water attributes and water humor for the various properties in the vicinity of Florence, were well-versed in humanistic subject areas and traditional scientific texts.

Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Public Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are many famous public fountains. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, created and produced almost all of them. Marks of his life's efforts are evident all through the streets of Rome simply because, in addition to his skills as a fountain builder, he was also a city architect. Bernini's father, a celebrated Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they finally relocated in Rome, to thoroughly show their artwork in the form of community water features and water features. An excellent employee, the young Bernini received compliments and the backing of many popes and important designers. At the start he was recognized for his sculptural skills. He used his ability and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Though a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo influenced him the most.

Agrippa's Eye-popping, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Device

Though the machine developed by Agrippa for lifting water earned the admiration of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to vanish not very long thereafter. It may be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s initial modern channels made the unit obsolete when it was hooked up to the Villa Medici in 1592.

This is all the more tragic bearing in mind how amazing Camillo Agrippa’s device was, totally singular in Italy during the hundreds of years which transpired between the fall of ancient Rome and the modern period. It could violate gravity to raise water to Renaissance gardens, feeding them in a way other late 16th century designs such as scenographic water presentations, musical water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Enliven Your Everyday Life with a Water Fountain

Your quality of life will be absolutely influenced by a fountain as it not only provides you a place of peace and calm, but also serves to clean the air.

There are many positive aspects to having an interior or outdoor water fountain which you may not even recognize. It is most likely no coincidence that the human body is made up primarily of water, and that people are drawn to coastal cities. Water is required for life, and a water feature can provide the benefits of water in a simple and affordable way.

If you want to make your porch, patio, or back yard even more enjoyable, think about installing an outdoor garden fountain. Outdoor water features can further elevate even the most gorgeous space. It can be a beautiful addition to the wall of your enclosed porch or outside the house above the veranda. If you have a flower bed, look into installing a beautiful tiered type there to add a sense of tranquility. The flow of the water in birdbath fountains, as compared to still water, means that bacteria and algae will not accumulate in the water, making for fresher water for wild birds. The final touch your garden area needs to be an oasis of peace is the sound of water in motion.

Water Fountains: A Fascination for Your Beloved Furry Friends and Visiting Birds

Outdoor water features and bird feeders are a natural way to draw in wildlife and pets. Drinking, bathing, and grooming are some of the things birds need to do. Birds such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers are usually attracted to the moving water of fountains. While bowl-shaped bird baths can be unexciting to many birds, fountains are more enticing because of the moving water they generate. Birds can hear the trickling and splashing and are even more likely to come around.

Dogs are drawn to fountains mainly because they provide drinking water. During hot months of summer, cats and dogs will be outdoors for the absolute freshest water around. Fountains generally require little cleaning due to their constantly flowing water, whereas birdbaths need to be regularly maintained because they easily collect debris.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Fountain Worthy of Viewing

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a treasure trove of pagan and Christian relics on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is largely renowned for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not frequently visited. Due to the fact that the nearby area was gloomy and mostly uninhabited, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The job of laying down the church’s first stones began on August 17, 1717. The blessing of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.


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