Outdoor Water Fountains And Public Policy

a-387__50922.jpg The first example of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. By making soda more expensive, it’s hoped that people will make better choices for what their children drink, like water for instance. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. Information on the city’s drinking water fountains were developed using a GPS created exclusively for the research. Analysts then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial elements that influenced the city. Evaluations were made amongst the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected availability to clean, functional water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its bordering area were studied to reveal whether the location of the fountains or their standard of maintenance demonstrated any link to income, race, or other points. Most of the water fountains were unclean or clogged, despite the fact that a lot of fountains worked.

Wall Fountains: An Array of Design Alternatives

If you do not have a lot of space, the best solution is a garden wall fountain. These decorative pieces are easy to put up on any wall surface and do not take up a lot of room. Prices range from cheap to expensive and there are countless types available so everyone should be able to find the best model for them. Moreover, you can find either colored or simple ones that come in a variety of sizes. A lot of people who hope to add some liveliness to the exterior walls of their home get one of these alluring water fountains. It is also possible to get more than one fountain for an interesting waterfall sound if you have enough room on your wall.

When it comes time to finding a garden fountain, there are loads of options available. First and foremost, you must decide which one to purchase and the best place to hang it.

Greece: Architectural Sculpture

Sculptors adorned the complex columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious rather than sacred; at that point, it became more accepted for sculptors be compensated to depict ordinary individuals as well. Wealthy families would often times commission a rendering of their forefathers for their big family burial tombs; portraiture additionally became frequent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek civilization.

Over the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of artistic development, the use of sculpture and many other art forms transformed, so it is erroneous to think that the arts delivered merely one function. Greek sculpture was actually a cutting-edge component of antiquity, whether the explanation was faith based fervor or visual fulfillment, and its modern quality might be what endears it to us now.

Contemporary Garden Decor: Fountains and their Roots

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. Residents of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also provided clean, fresh drinking water. The main components used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings.

Reasons to Give Thought To Installing a Disappearing Water Fountain in your Backyard

Another name for a disappearing fountain is a “pondless” fountain. The source of the water is not visible because it is below the surface of the ground. Any spot where there are people, such as a walking path, is perfect for a disappearing fountain since it adds pleasing sounds and a lovely visual effect. They come in a wide array of designs, some of which are ceramic urns, waterfalls, granite columns, and millstones.

Disappearing fountains also come with many added merits. The water comes from underground and does not form a large pool above ground so any risk to those around it is reduced. As such, it is okay for children to play near it.

Moreover, no water is going to evaporate since it is not subjected to the open air. Consequently, your fountain will not use as much water as other types of fountains. The time needed on maintenanceis also minimized since algae does not grow underground and rubbish can not get into the water supply. Finally, due to its reduced size, it is less difficult to fit it where you want it than other types of fountains.

The First Public Water Fountains recorded in Human History.

Villages and communities relied on practical water fountains to funnel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning from nearby sources like ponds, streams, or creeks. In the years before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity exclusively, commonly using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the nearby mountains. Typically used as monuments and commemorative edifices, water fountains have inspired travelers from all over the world all through the centuries. Simple in design, the first water fountains didn't look much like modern fountains. The very first recognized water fountain was a rock basin carved that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. 2000 B.C. is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were originally used. The earliest civilizations that made use of fountains depended on gravity to push water through spigots. The location of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along reservoirs, canals, or rivers. The people of Rome began constructing ornate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of animals and mythological characters. A well-engineered system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Early Water Supply Solutions in Rome

Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, people living at higher elevations had to depend on local streams for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people dwelling at raised elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the underground channel of Acqua Vergine.

As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it less difficult to maintain the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to remove water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. The cistern he had made to gather rainwater wasn’t adequate to meet his water specifications. To give himself with a much more effective system to obtain water, he had one of the manholes opened up, providing him access to the aqueduct below his property.


Directions for Putting in a Wall Water Element
When the fountain is too full, water can spill out and cause damage to the nearby area. read more
Deciding on the Ideal Spot for Your Water Feature
Anywhere people come together to sit and enjoy the fresh air is ideal for another option, a garden sculpture style. read more