Modern Water Fountains And Obesity

The 1st American city to pass a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. y98392__85414.jpg The taxation is intended to lessen sugary drink consumption and increase the consumption of healthier beverages, including water from fountains. First, the city conducted an analysis to evaluate whether residents had proper access to functioning drinking water fountains. Information on the city’s drinking water fountains were gathered using a GPS created exclusively for the research. The US Census Community Study database was used to compile information pertaining to race and economic status in these segments. The research workers sought to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were linked to drinking water fountain access. The evaluation was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the condition of the fountains was greater or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. Most of the water fountains were filthy or clogged, in spite of the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

The Reason for Water Fountains in Japanese Gardens

You will seldom see a Japanese garden that does not feature a water element. They tend to be located right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are considered representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. It is unusual to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains since the focus is supposed to be on the water itself.

You will also find many fountains that have spouts crafted of bamboo. The basin, which tends to be made of stones, collects the water as it flows down from the bamboo spout. People usually make them seem weathered and worn, even when they are new. So that the fountain appears at one with nature, people customarily decorate it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just nice decoration.

If you want to get a bit more creative, try a stone fountain enhanced with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. The point is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the surroundings, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Anyone who has an extensive area to work with can, of course, install a much bigger water feature. Consider adding a lovely final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

However, water does not have to be an actual element in a Japanese water fountain.

It is okay to use representations of water in place of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. The illusion of a creek with moving water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.

Contemporary Sculpture in Early Greece

Historically, most sculptors were compensated by the temples to decorate the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the period came to a close it grew to be more accepted for sculptors to portray ordinary people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Wealthy families would often times commission a rendering of their ancestors for their large family burial tombs; portraiture also became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. It is incorrect to say that the arts had one purpose throughout The Classical Greek period, a time of creative achievement during which the usage of sculpture and alternative art forms evolved. Greek sculpture was actually a cutting-edge component of antiquity, whether the reason was faith based fervor or aesthetic fulfillment, and its contemporary excellence might be what endears it to us today.

The Original Fountain Designers

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative genius, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance artist. He systematically captured his observations in his now recognized notebooks, after his immense fascination in the forces of nature led him to examine the characteristics and mobility of water.

Combining inventiveness with hydraulic and landscaping expertise, early Italian water fountain creators changed private villa settings into brilliant water displays complete with symbolic meaning and natural elegance. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. For the many properties near Florence, other water fountain builders were well versed in humanistic subjects and classical technical texts, masterminding the excellent water marbles, water attributes and water jokes.

Admire the Beauty of the Cascade Water Fountain at the Garden of Chatsworth

Forming a fabulous focal point to the landscape at the rear of Chatsworth House is the Cascade garden fountain. Twenty-four irregularly spread stone steps stretch down the hillside for 200 yards in the direction of the house. Entirely gravity fed, the Cascade too is modeled on a 17th century French design. Created for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696, this water fountain has remained unchanged ever since. The Cascade House overlooks the fountain, where water gently flows downward. The house, enhanced on the outside with ocean creatures in bas-relief, is actually a small building. Water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted on special occasions, causing the Cascade House to become a part of the Cascade spectacle, as water moves through conduits on its roof and from the jaws of its carved sea creatures, prior to proceeding down the Cascade. The sound of the water cascading fluctuates as it falls down the Cascades because of the minor variation in the size of each and every step thereby providing a fantastic and calming accompaniment to a walking through the gardens.

In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade, was named England's best water feature.

The Distribution of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

Throughout the European countries, the chief means of spreading practical hydraulic facts and fountain design suggestions were the published papers and illustrated publications of the time, which contributed to the advancement of scientific technology. An unnamed French water fountain designer became an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. With imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, acquiring expertise in garden design and grottoes with integrated and clever water hydraulics. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a book that became the essential text on hydraulic technology and engineering, was composed by him towards the end of his lifetime in France. Classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs were detailed as well as updates to crucial classical antiquity hydraulic advancements in the publication. Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanical way of moving water. An beautiful spring with the sun warming the water in two vessels stashed in an neighboring area was presented in one illustration. The end result: the fountain is stimulated by the heated water expanding and rising up the pipes.

The publication also mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature concepts.

The Various Designs in Outdoor Water Features

A garden can be a little sanctuary, providing you a peaceful place to stop and enjoy some outdoor time. While there is a lot of work involved in getting a new one designed and constructed, it is worth the effort for anyone who will be using it. Investing in a gorgeous garden is good, as it will enhance the “curb appeal” and value of your home. Experts advise adding flowers or trees, a pavement, a beautiful water feature, or unique statues to enhance the overall look of your property.

A water fountain can drastically transform the aesthetics of a garden. A true fantasyland can be developed from what used to be a very ordinary spot. The mood of your garden will be very different once you install a water fountain, as the calming sounds of the water will create an oasis for you as well as for the friendly birds and animals it will lure.

Before you know it, the entire garden or yard will have a new centerpiece.

Did You Know How Mechanical Concepts of Water Fountains Became Known?
Dissiminating pragmatic hydraulic knowledge and fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the printed documents and illustrated publications of the time. An unnamed French fountain... read more
Water Transport Strategies in Historic Rome
Previous to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Roma, inhabitants who lived on hills had to go further down to collect their water from... read more
Can Fountains Help Purify The Air?
You can liven up your surroundings by setting up an indoor wall fountain. Your eyes, your ears and your well-being can be favorably influenced by including this kind of indoor feature in your... read more