Contemporary Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their Beginnings

The dramatic or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs nearby. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to adorn homes and celebrate the artist who created it. wwlhcj_bl_1__78325.jpg Roman fountains often depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create smaller depictions of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

The First Outdoor Public Fountains recorded in Human History.

Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to bring water from canals or springs to towns and hamlets, providing the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, bathe, and cook with. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the late 19th century. Inspirational and spectacular, big water fountains have been built as memorials in nearly all civilizations. Crude in design, the 1st water fountains did not look much like modern fountains. A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the very first fountain, utilized for containing water for drinking and ceremonial purposes. Rock basins are thought to have been 1st made use of around 2,000 BC. The first fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to control the movement of water through the fountain. The location of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along reservoirs, canals, or streams. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, crafted from stone and bronze. A well-engineered system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Everything You Will Require for an Outdoor Water Feature

A water source and an electrical socket are two important items that many people do not take into account when determining where they want to setup their garden fountain. The thrill of owning one occasionally causes people to forget the technical aspects when setting it up for the first time. Do not forget that an extension cord can be helpful if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the standard length of power cords. Set up your fountain in a place close to a water source as you will need to replenish it. Carrying large amounts of water is difficult so you do not want to have to haul it a long distance. If you have given thought to it before installation, having a hose close by will make the task of filling the fountain much simpler. The ideal setup is with a water fountain autofill, but this has to be connected to an external water line and requires a professional to install it.

The City Of Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Statuary Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are many famous water fountains. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were planned, conceived and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Traces of his life's efforts are apparent all through the avenues of Rome simply because, in addition to his skills as a water feature creator, he was additionally a city builder. Bernini's father, a celebrated Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately moved in Rome, to fully exhibit their art in the form of public water features and water fountains. The juvenile Bernini was an great worker and attained compliments and backing of important painters as well as popes. He was originally renowned for his sculpture. An expert in classic Greek architecture, he utilized this knowledge as a foundation and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble, most remarkably in the Vatican. Although many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo inspired him the most.

The Advantages of Fountains to Your Health

Not only do outdoor fountains add beauty to any environment, they also provide pleasing sounds and cleaner air. They will make you happier, healthier and provide you a great spot to gather with people you care about. Different people, however, notice that their fountain is special to them for many personal reasons. It could bring to mind of a treasured holiday experience from your past. It might bring back memories of that special person. You could choose to make it into a memorial to a loved one. Regardless, it will be yours and yours alone and also contribute so much to your world.

How Technical Concepts of Outdoor Spread

Instrumental to the advancement of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the main method of transferring practical hydraulic ideas and fountain design suggestions all through Europe. An un-named French fountain engineer was an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. With Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, acquiring knowledge in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water features. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a guide that turned into the essential book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was authored by him toward the end of his lifetime in France. Explaining the latest hydraulic technologies, the publication also modified key hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity.

Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanized means of transferring water. Sunlight heating water in a pair of containers hidden in a room adjacent to an ornamental water feature was displayed in one illustration. Activating the water fountain is heated liquid which expands and ascends to seal up the conduits. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and backyard pond designs are mentioned in the publication.

Gardens of Chatworth: The "Revelation" Garden Fountain

Angela Conner, the famous British sculptor, crafted “Revelation,” the newest acquisition to the decorative outdoor fountains of Chatsworth. In 2004/5 she was commissioned by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to design a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in brass and steel, for the Queen’s 80th birthday bash. Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s earliest ponds, had “Revelation” put up in 1999. The four big metallic flower petals close and open with the circulation of water, alternatively concealing and showing a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s heart. A gold dust colored metal globe was manufactured and included to the big sculpture standing five meters high and five meters in width. This newest fountain is an intriguing addition to the Chatsworth Gardens because the petals’ movement is entirely powered by water.


Ancient Outside Water Fountain Designers
Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was renowned as a... read more
Bernini's Public Fountains
In Rome’s city center, there are many famous fountains. One of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were designed, conceived and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was also a urban architect, in addition to his... read more
Free Drinking Fountains in Berkley, Ca
In February 2014, a levy on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to create such a regulation. By making soda more costly, it’s hoped that... read more
Attributes of Garden Statues in Archaic Greece
The first freestanding sculpture was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a distinguished achievement since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of these freestanding sculptures... read more
The Major Characteristics of Classic Greek Statues
Archaic Greeks were renowned for creating the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of... read more