Outdoor Fountains And Obesity

Berkley, CA people voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. By making soda more costly, it’s hoped that people will make better choices for what their children drink, like water as an example. Efforts were made to find out the status of community drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. wwlhcr_ss_1__13105.jpg By developing a mobile GPS application, experts were able to amass data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. Demographic data on race and earnings was then gathered using the US Census database. Comparisons were made amongst the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected availability to clean, working water fountains. The testing was able to establish the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the state of the fountains was better or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. Many of the water fountains were dirty or plugged, regardless of the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

Anglo Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the 11th century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the populace. Most often constructed upon windy peaks, castles were straightforward structures that allowed their occupants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive programs, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings generally added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The sterile fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of horticulture. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most unspoiled model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists in the present day. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. A large terrace intended for walking and as a way to stop attackers from mining under the walls runs around the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and surrounded by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Everything You Want to Know Regarding Container Herb Gardening

An optimal herb garden can be made in a container. People who are drawn to the kitchen or garden will find themselves attracted to the area of herbs. Herbs deliver immediate enjoyment as they can be used in any dish, and they are very easy to grow. A few moments of attention every day is all that is necessary to maintain an herb garden once it is planted, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be easily taken inside once the autumn nights begin to freeze, making it continue all year long.

The varying growth rates of herbs make for variant harvest times. Herb gardening involves some stamina, as can be expected for any new venture. Do not expect to necessarily notice results on the first or second day, but it is important to tend to an herb garden with precision as things will develop with time.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were actually gardens planned and planted on rooftop terraces. They were planned to be water-proof and placed over a big, curved stone substructure with large storage rooms below. The terrace soil was compact enough to effectively grow trees and water from deep wells fed the plants via hydraulic devices. Thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary were preferred plants.

Water-raising System by Camillo Agrippa

Though the machine designed by Agrippa for carrying water attained the admiration of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to fade not very long thereafter. It may have turned out to be dated once the Villa Medici was in a position to obtain water from the Acqua Felice, the early modern aqueduct, in 1592. The simpler account is that it was disregarded about when Ferdinando left for Florence in 1588, after the passing of his brother Francesco di Medici, to exchange his status as cardinal for one as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. #P# There may have been some other impressive water-related works in Renaissance gardens in the late sixteenth century, such as water fountains that played tunes, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and even scenographic water exhibits, but none was motorized by water that defied the force of gravity.

How Technical Designs of Water Fountains Spread

Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the published papers and illustrated books of the day. They were also the main means of transferring useful hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas all through Europe. An internationally celebrated leader in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French water fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history.

With Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, building know-how in garden design and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water hydraulics. The publication, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored near the end of his life in France, turned out to be the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries were detailed as well as updates to essential classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs in the publication. As a mechanized means to push water, Archimedes made the water screw, key among key hydraulic innovations. Natural light warmed the liquid in a pair of undetectable containers adjoining to the ornamental water feature were displayed in an illustration. Actuating the fountain is heated water that expands and ascends to close up the conduits. The publication furthermore mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

Common Water Elements Seen in Japanese Gardens

You will rarely see a Japanese garden that does not include a water feature. You will often find Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are considered symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing. Since water is meant to be the focal point of a fountain, you will notice that the designs are kept very simple.

Moreover, water fountains with bamboo spouts are very prevalent. The water moves through the bamboo spout and accumulates in the stone basin below. In addition, it is important to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outdoors for a long time. People want their fountain to look as natural as possible, so they place plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. Clearly this fountain is much more than simply a beautiful add-on.

For something a bit more distinctive, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it artistically with live bamboo and other natural elements. The idea is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Wherever there is sufficient open space, you have the option to build a more extensive water feature. Charming add-ons include a babbling stream or tiny pool with koi in it.

Water, nevertheless, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Other alternatives include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water. In addition, flat stones can be laid out close enough together to create the illusion of a babbling brook.

Beautiful Fountains for Your Favorite Pet

Does your cat like to jump onto the counter when he hears the faucet? Do you find him gulping toilet water or pausing before drinking water from his own bowl? Cats tend to prefer water that is flowing, as this behavior shows. In most situations, they will not look for a lot of water to drink.

In the wild, cats consume meat full of moisture which keeps them adequately hydrated. For this reason, an instinctual desire for water never developed in felines. That said, household cats do in fact need additional water, so it is up to you to provide it. Cat fountains are a simple way to supply a water supply for your pet.

Having one will ensure your cat has plenty of water at hand when it wants to drink. Fountains come in various shapes and sizes, so be sure to buy one that best fits the needs of your cat. Fountains can have continuously moving water for freshness, or a bowl that fills up as your cat empties it.


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