Historic Crete & The Minoans: Wall Fountains

Various types of conduits have been discovered through archaeological excavations on the isle of Crete, the cradle of Minoan society. These were used to furnish urban centers with water as well as to reduce flooding and get rid of waste. ppd_659__65820.jpg The main ingredients employed were stone or terracotta. Terracotta was employed for waterways and pipes, both rectangle-shaped and round. There are a couple of examples of Minoan clay conduits, those with a shortened cone shape and a U-shape that have not been seen in any culture ever since. Knossos Palace had a advanced plumbing network made of clay piping which ran up to three meters under ground. Along with distributing water, the terracotta conduits of the Minoans were also made use of to collect water and store it. These terracotta piping were needed to perform: Subterranean Water Transportation: It is not really known why the Minoans wanted to move water without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: Many scholars think that these conduits were employed to create a separate distribution system for the palace.

Garden Fountains: Installment Recommendations

A water source and an electrical outlet are two essential items that many people do not think about when determining where they want to setup their garden fountain. The practical side of setting one up is often neglected because people get so focused on the wonder of it. Do not forget that an extension cord can be helpful if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the typical length of power cords. A convenient place to get water is essential since you will need to fill your fountain. Carrying large amounts of water is difficult so you do not want to have to carry it a long distance.

The simplest way to fill the fountain is with a nearby water hose. If you have an expert on hand, you may want to consider getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much less difficult in the long run.

Caring For Outdoor Water fountains

An important facet to consider is the size of the outdoor wall fountain in respect to the space in which you are going to mount it. It is essential that the wall where you are going to put it is sturdy enough to support its load. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a more lightweight feature is going to be more suitable. In order for the fountain to have power, a nearby electrical outlet is needed. Most outdoor wall fountains come with simple, step-by-step instructions with respect to the type of fountain.

Generally, when you purchase an outdoor wall fountain, it will come in an easy-to-use kit that will include all the needed information to install it properly. The kit will contain a submersible pump, the hoses and basin (or reservoir). The basin, if it's not too large, can easily be hiddenin your garden among the plants.

Once your wall fountain is in place, all that is needed is regular cleaning and some light maintenance.

It is necessary to replenish the water routinely so that it remains clean. Rubbish such as twigs, leaves or dirt should be cleaned up quickly. Furthermore, outdoor fountains should always be shielded from freezing temperatures in wintertime. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter season, move your pump inside. To sum up, your outdoor wall fountain will continue to be an amazing addition to your garden if you keep it well cared for and well maintained.

Backyard Elegance: Fountains

Since garden water fountains are no longer dependent on a nearby pond, it is possible to place them close to a wall. Moreover, it is no longer necessary to excavate, deal with a complicated installation process or tidy up the pond. There is no plumbing necessary with this type self-contained water feature. Adding water on a frequent} basis is important, however. Empty the water from the bowl and place fresh water in its place when you see that the spot is grimy.

Any number of materials can be used to make garden wall features, but stone and metal are the most practical. You need to know the look you are shooting for in order to pick the best material.

The best designs for your outdoor wall fountain are those which are hand-crafted, simple to put up and not too heavy to hang. In addition, be certain to buy a fountain which necessitates minimal maintenance. In general, most installations are straight forward because the only pieces which may require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a bit more difficult. It is very simple to spruce up your yard with these types of fountains.

Contemporary Garden Decor: Fountains and their Beginnings

The dramatic or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley there to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs nearby. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the designer. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains.

During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create smaller variations of the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains made to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Urban fountains built at the end of the 19th century served only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Nowadays, fountains adorn public areas and are used to recognize individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Keep Your Fountain Tidy

Water fountains will keep working a very long time with scheduled cleaning and maintenance. It is essential to clean it out and take out any debris or foreign elements that might have dropped into or onto it. On top of that, algae can be a problem, as sun hitting the water permits it to form quickly. In order to prevent this, there are some common ingredients that can be added into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. There are those who like to use bleach, but that is dangerous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should go through a decent cleaning.

Before you can start cleaning it you need to drain out all of the water. Then use gentle and a soft sponge to clean the interior of the reservoir. If there are any little grooves, use a toothbrush to get each and every spot. Be sure to thoroughly rinse the inside of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and cleaning the inside thoroughly. Letting it soak in vinegar for a couple of hours first will make it much easier to clean. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to eliminate any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

And finally, make sure the water level is always full in order to keep your fountain working optimally. Allowing the water to drop below the pump’s intake level, can cause serious damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

Experience the World’s Tallest Water Fountains

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain in the world. The water reaches the astonishing height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Reaching water heights of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the second highest worldwide.

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which reaches third place. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this fountain is the tallest in the United States.

Next is the fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which jets water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps operate at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 next to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded songs while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Jetting water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in seventh.

And at #8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).


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