A Magnificent Example of Roman Know-How: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have come across a treasure trove of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The nearby basilica is mainly renowned for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was not well known and situated far from sight making it difficult to visit. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area because it was bleak and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain for the area. s-358__89926.jpg The job of laying down the church’s foundation started on August 17, 1717. Medallions bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.

The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving System

The compliments Agrippa’s water-lifting creation received by Andrea Bacci in 1588 was temporary. It may possibly have become dated when the Villa Medici was enabled to get water from the Acqua Felice, the early contemporary conduit, in 1592. The more likely reason is that the unit was discontinued once Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s siblingpassed away in 1588, leading him to give up his rank as cardinal and go back to Florence where he accepted the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Although there were various other worthwhile water-driven designs either designed or built during the latter part of the sixteenth century, such as scenographic water exhibits, giochi d’acqua or water caprices, and musical water fountains, not one was nourished by water like Agrippa’s system.

California's Outdoor Fountain Research and Results

Berkley, CA citizens voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. The goal is to get individuals drinking more water and other natural drinks by raising the cost of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Efforts were made to find out the status of community drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. Information on the city’s drinking water fountains were pulled together using a GPS created specifically for the research. Analysts then used US Census data to find out even more about the economic and racial factors that impacted the city. The analysts sought to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were connected to drinking water fountain access.

They were able to confirm the demographics of locations surrounding existing fountains, as well as the cleanliness and upkeep of fountains across assorted neighborhoods. Most of the water fountains were not clean or blocked, despite the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

From Where Did Fountains Begin?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

The central purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs nearby. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow downwards or shoot high into the air. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the designer. Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. Fountains played a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity helped fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Embellishing city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the functions of modern-day fountains.

Did You Know How Mechanical Designs And Styles of Water Fountains Became Known?

Throughout the European countries, the chief means of spreading useful hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions were the published pamphlets and illustrated books of the day, which added to the development of scientific innovation. An unnamed French fountain developer became an internationally celebrated hydraulic leader in the late 1500's. With Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, acquiring expertise in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water hydraulics. In France, near the closure of his life, he penned “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the fundamental text on hydraulic technology and engineering.

Explaining the latest hydraulic technologies, the book also modernized critical hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity. As a mechanized method to shift water, Archimedes devised the water screw, chief among vital hydraulic breakthroughs. Sunlight heated the liquid in two hidden containers next to the ornamental water feature were displayed in an illustration. Activating the water fountain is hot liquid which expands and ascends to seal up the pipes. The publication additionally covers garden ponds, water wheels, water feature concepts.

Use a Outdoor Fountain To Help Boost Air Quality

You can liven up your surroundings by adding an indoor wall fountain. Your senses and your wellness can benefit from the putting in of one of these indoor features. Science supports the hypothesis that water fountains are good for you. Modern-day machines produce positive ions which are balanced out by the negative ions released by water features. The negative ions generated by these types of water features overtake the positive ones ending in positive shifts to both your mental and physical health. The increased serotonin levels resulting from these types of features make people more attentive, serene and energized. An improved mood as well as a elimination of air impurities stems from the negative ions released by indoor wall fountains They also help to eliminate allergies, contaminants as well as other types of irritants. And lastly, dust particles and microbes in the air are removed and lead to improved health.

The Beauty of Simple Garden Decor: The Large Outdoor Fountain

Having a pond near your garden water fountain is no longer necessary because they can now be situated on a wall close by. Due to the various options available, it no longer necessary to deal with excavations, complcated installations or cleaning the pond. There is no plumbing work necessary with this kind of self-sufficient water feature. Do not forget, however, to add water at consistent intervals.

Your pond should always contain clean water, so be sure to drain the basin whenever it gets dirty.

The most utilized materials employed to construct garden wall fountains are stone and metal, despite the fact that they can be made out of many other materials. The most suitable material for your water feature depends entirely on the design you choose. The best designs for your garden wall fountain are those which are handmade, simple to put up and not too big to hang. Ensure that your fountain is manageable as far as maintenance is concerned. The re-circulating pump and hanging hardware are normally the only parts which need extra care in most installations, although there may be some cases in which the setup is a bit more complicated. You can easily perk up your garden with these kinds of fountains.


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