Fountains And Their Use In Minoa

Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have revealed some types of channels. a-558__93715.jpg They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were commonly built from clay or stone. When prepared from clay, they were commonly in the format of canals and circular or rectangular conduits. Among these were terracotta conduits which were U shaped or a shortened, cone-like shape which have only showed up in Minoan culture. Terracotta pipelines were put down under the floors at Knossos Palace and utilized to distribute water. The pipes also had other applications including amassing water and diverting it to a centralized location for storage. Therefore, these pipes had to be ready to: Underground Water Transportation: This obscure method for water movement could have been chosen to provide water to specified people or activities. Quality Water Transportation: There is also information that indicates the piping being used to provide for water fountains independently of the domestic process.

The Marvelous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain in Rome

Remarkable finds of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Found in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the acclaimed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not frequently visited. Due to the fact that the nearby area was depressing and mostly uninhabited, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to build a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 marked the date when work on the church’s infrastructure started. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

Wall Water Features: What Design Choice is Best for Your Chosen Space?

A great idea for areas that do not have a lot of space available is a garden wall fountain. They are beautiful and quick to put up, and you do not need much space. It is easy to find the ideal one as they come in a broad variety of prices and styles. There is also a range of colors and shapes available. For anyone looking to add some pizzazz to their outdoor walls, these stunning water fountains are a great alternative. Several fountains can be placed on the same wall if there is adequate room as this will amplify the sounds of a waterfall.

Garden fountains come in a wide range of options from which to pick. Two of the main things to be decided are which style to get and where to install it.

Water-lifting Tool by Camillo Agrippa

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting innovation lured the notice and admiration of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the very last mentions of the technology. It might have become outdated when the Villa Medici was enabled to get water from the Acqua Felice, the early modern aqueduct, in 1592. The more plausible reason is that the unit was deserted when Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s siblingexpired in 1588, leading him to give up his role as cardinal and return to Florence where he took the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. It could violate gravity to raise water to Renaissance gardens, feeding them in a way other late sixteenth century models like scenographic water exhibits, musical fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Keep Your Outdoor Water fountain Tidy

In order to ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is vital to practice regular maintenance. A common issue with fountains is that they tend to collect dirt and debris, so it is vital that you keep it free from this. On top of that, algae can be a concern, because sun hitting the water enables it to form easily. To prevent this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add straight into the water.

There are those who prefer to use bleach, but that is dangerous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should undergo a decent cleaning. The first task is to empty out all of the water. Then use a soft rag and gentle cleanser to scrub the inside. A useful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are small hard-to-reach spots. Any soap residue remaining on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

It is highly suggested taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and remove any plankton or calcium. Letting it soak in vinegar for several hours first will make it much easier to clean. Build-up can be a big problem, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to eliminate this dilemma.

One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Allowing the water to go below the pump’s intake level, can cause severe damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

How to the Positive Aspects of Feng Shui to Your Yard

Enjoy the health benefits of feng shui by adding its design elements into your yard.

Size is not the most important concern when incorporating feng shui design to your yard. Of course, a huge area is great if you have it, but rest assured that feng shui works just as well in smaller areas as well.

Feng shui methods are the same whether you are working in your garden or your home. The initial part is to know the bagua, or energy map, of your home, as your garden’s bagua will be an extension of that.

Before getting underway, make sure you comprehend the five elements of feng shui so that you can maximize their energy.

The northeast corner of your garden, for instance, connects to personal growth and self-cultivation energy, and Earth is the feng shui element that is important to integrate it. The ideal addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Give some thought to introducing a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

Original Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started off supplying the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had counted on natural springs up till then. If people residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing technologies of the day, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a unique system was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to deliver water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the roughly nine years he had the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi utilized these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were actually built for the function of cleaning and servicing the aqueduct. The cistern he had made to collect rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water requirements. To give himself with a more useful means to gather water, he had one of the manholes opened, offering him access to the aqueduct below his property.


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