The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

Anglo-Saxons felt extraordinary changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Engineering and horticulture were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. s-420__58741.jpg Castles were more standard designs and often built on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were large stone buildings, mostly located in the widest, most fertile hollows. Gardening, a placid occupation, was impracticable in these unproductive fortifications. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most complete model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. As a strategy of deterring attackers from tunneling within the walls, an immense terrace encompasses the building. On 1 of these terraces sits a stylish bowling green: it is coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

The Distribution of Outdoor Garden Fountain Industrial Knowledge in Europe

Spreading useful hydraulic information and fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated publications of the time. An internationally renowned leader in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French water fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. By developing gardens and grottoes with incorporated and amazing water features, he started off his profession in Italy by getting Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a book that turned into the essential text on hydraulic technology and engineering, was written by him towards the end of his lifetime in France. The book updated important hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as detailing modern day hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work showcased and these integrated a mechanical means to move water. An decorative spring with the sun warming the liquid in two containers stashed in a nearby area was displayed in one illustration. The hot liquid expands and subsequently ascends and shuts the water lines consequently triggering the fountain. Models for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden ponds are also included in the guide.

California's Outdoor Fountains Study and Results

In February 2014, a charge on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to introduce such a regulation. By making soda more costly, it’s thought that people will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water as an example. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. Via data gathered by a mobile GPS app, professionals were able to identify the condition of existing water fountains in Berkley. This info was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database.

The 2 data sets were reviewed to figure out what class differences, if any, there were in access to functioning water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its nearby area were examined to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their standard of maintenance exhibited any connection to income, race, or other factors. Some of the water fountains were filthy or slow or stopped up, in spite of the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

From Where Did Large Garden Fountains Come From?

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

The main purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to supply drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow downwards or jet high into the air. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains often depicted images of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create mini depictions of the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the force of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

Install a Garden Water Element as a Celebratory Piece

To pay tribute to the memory of someone who has died, consider creating a garden fountain. Nowadays people no longer adhere to outdated practices. Nevertheless, it is still common to commemorate the deceased. A lot of people put intimate personal items on a memorial to remind them of their cherished one. A lot of people view backyard garden fountains as wonderful commemorative pieces to their cherished ones. Adding personal items such as images or a nameplate, planting a tree, or holding yearly remembrance ceremonies at the fountain will make the garden fountain more unique to your loved one.

Memorializing those who have passed away is easy with a garden fountain. The flowing of water through the fountain represents the luck and affluence of your loved one and can also make part of the recognition of their life. In order to last a long time, your garden fountain will need to be well made, strong, and resistant to bad weather. After you do the work to build the garden fountain memorial, you will want to ensure it will last.

Keeping Your Garden Water fountain Tidy

Water fountains will last a very long time with routine cleaning and maintenance. A common concern with fountains is that they tend to gather dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this.

Also, algae tends to build up wherever natural light meets water. To stay clear of this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add right into the water. Some people opt for adding bleach into the water, but the drawback is that it harms wildlife - so it should be avoided.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should undergo a good cleaning. The initial task is to empty out all the water. Then use mild soap and a soft sponge to clean the innner part of the reservoir. A useful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are small hard-to-reach spots. Make sure all the soap is totally washed off.

Various organisms and calcium deposits may get inside the pump, so it is advised to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. Soaking it in vinegar for a bit will make it easier to scrub. Build-up can be a big hassle, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to prevent this dilemma.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you notice that the level is depleted. Low water levels can damage the pump - and you don't want that!

Suggestions for Selecting the Ideal Fountain for Your Needs

When you are choosing a water fountain, make sure you give some thought to where you will install it. Roundabouts and driveways are wonderful spots for them.

Some types of fountains are specifically made to lean against a wall.

To install one against a wall, look for a bar or hook on the back made specifically for this purpose. There are many natural hazards such as wind or animals which can knock over your fountain if you do not securely affix it to the wall, so do not forget to do this immediately.

The garden sculpture style, yet another option, is lovely for parks or any place people are inclined to hang out to enjoy the fresh air and vistas.


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