Where did Landscape Fountains Come From?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

The main purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. Residents of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Acting as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also provided clean, fresh drinking water. brk-346__50387.jpg The main materials used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by adding beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

These days, fountains decorate public areas and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Commonplace Fountains Found in Japanese Landscapes

A water feature is an essential part of any Japanese garden. Since Japanese water fountains are considered symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned in the doorway of buildings or shrines.

Since water is the most important element of any Japanese fountain, the design is normally simple.

Bamboo is a popular material to use for spouts and therefore often added into water fountains. Below the bamboo spout is generally a stone basin which receives the water as it flows down from the spout. It ought to have a worn-down, weathered look as well. It is important that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural setting, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just attractive decor.

If you are looking for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain made of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. In time, as moss progressively covers the rocks, it becomes even more natural-looking.

If you are fortunate enough to have a big plot of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Nice add-ons include a babbling stream or tiny pool with koi in it.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Beautiful rocks, sand, or gravel are good alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. The impression of a creek with moving water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.

The First Water Features

Villages and villages depended on working water fountains to channel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from local sources like ponds, channels, or springs. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby mountains. Inspiring and spectacular, large water fountains have been constructed as memorials in most societies. The contemporary fountains of modern times bear little resemblance to the very first water fountains. Uncomplicated stone basins crafted from nearby rock were the original fountains, used for religious ceremonies and drinking water. 2000 BC is when the earliest identified stone fountain basins were actually used. Early fountains used in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to regulate the flow of water through the fountain.

These ancient fountains were designed to be functional, usually situated along aqueducts, creeks and waterways to provide drinking water. Creatures, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the initial decorative Roman fountains, beginning to appear in about 6 B.C.. Water for the public fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a complicated system of water aqueducts.

Agrippa's Eye-popping, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Mechanism

Although the machine made by Agrippa for moving water earned the respect of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to disappear not very long thereafter. It may have turned out to be obsolete when the Villa Medici was enabled to receive water from the Acqua Felice, the early modern channel, in 1592. This is all the more sad bearing in mind how impressive Camillo Agrippa’s technology was, entirely new in Italy during the hundreds of years that passed between the downfall of ancient Rome and the current period. There may have been other significant water-related works in Renaissance landscapes in the late sixteenth century, like water fountains that played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and also scenographic water exhibits, but nothing were motorized by water which defied gravitation.

The Myriad Ways You Can Flourish from Fountains

Not only do outdoor fountains add beauty to any area, they also provide soothing sounds and cleaner air. Not only do they add style to your home decor, they also create a great place to gather with family and friends, and offer a range of health benefits. That said, once you install your fountain you will likely take note of the many benefits it gives only you.

It might take you back to a special time or place you fondly remember. Perhaps, it makes you think back to a certain person from your past. Or perhaps you want to get one in memory of someone you have lost. In any case, it is something you will delight in for many years.

How Mechanical Designs of Fountains Spread

Throughout the European countries, the principal means of dissiminating practical hydraulic facts and fountain design suggestions were the circulated pamphlets and illustrated publications of the day, which contributed to the evolution of scientific development. An internationally renowned leader in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. His competence in creating gardens and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water features began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. The text, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” penned near the end of his life in France, turned into the definitive writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The publication modified crucial hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as describing modern day hydraulic technologies. Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanized means of moving water. An decorative water fountain with sunlight warming the liquid in two vessels concealed in a neighboring room was shown in one illustration. Activating the water feature is hot liquid which expands and ascends to seal up the conduits. Pumps, water wheels, water features and backyard pond concepts are mentioned in the publication.

Making the Perfect Sanctuary Inside or Outdoors

Including a feng shui fountain in your living space will most surely add to creating an atmosphere of harmony and serenity. A garden or home waterfall is the most effective option.

It will certainly contribute a lot to the interior and exterior of your residence. Set up your outdoor fountain where you can see it from indoors as well.

Make sure to include some beautiful flowers and plants, as they enrich any water fountain. The best idea is to add some plants which look beautiful no matter what the season. The area will be further enhanced with small adornments like art, a fire pit, or interesting stones.


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