The Major Characteristics of Ancient Greek Sculpture

The primitive Greeks developed the first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are called kouros figures. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were designed to look rigid and typically had foot forward; the males were healthy, robust, and naked. s-508__54341.jpg Around 650 BC, life-sized variations of the kouroi began to be seen. A substantial period of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period brought about more forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a greater appreciation of people and customs outside of Greece. However|Nevertheless|Nonetheless}, the Greek civilization was not slowed down by these battles.

Factors to Think About When Installing a Garden Fountain

Two things many people forget about when planning the installation of a garden fountain is a handy water source and an electrical outlet nearby. The practical side of setting one up is often overlooked because people get so focused on the beauty of it. If you require an extension cord to reach a 120v wall socket, feel free to use one, as conventional power cords are only 12 feet long. You will also need to have a water supply close by so that you can conveniently fill your water fountain. Carrying large amounts of water is difficult so you do not want to have to carry it a long way. If you have thought about it before installation, having a hose nearby will make the job of filling the fountain much simpler. If you have an expert on hand, you may want to consider getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much less difficult in the long run.

How Fountains can be Good for the Environment

Are you seeking to adorn your residence? Stop looking! Solar water fountains are the ideal solution - they bring elegance to any home and at the same time add financial value to the property. They are the same as electric fountains in that they help with one's overall well-being but they also offer financial benefits. While your initial expenditure may be higher, the long-term savings are beneficial. Despite occasional power outages, your fountain will not be affected because it does not run on electricity.

Running water fountains will lead to a spike in your electric bill. Even though you might not instantly notice the short-term benefits, remember that your home will certainly gain in value in the long-run.

The increased costs resulting from using more electricity is not the only factor, it also harms our eco-system. Solar powered water fountains are a good option to becoming “green”. Using solar energy to run our homes as well as a water feature is important because it also safeguards our environment.

This kind of water fountain doesn't need as much upkeep as others.

These water features require less maintenance than other kinds. Clogs are avoided because there is no motor - which means less cleaning. And less cleaning means more time to enjoy yourself!

How Feng Shui Make Your Backyard into Sanctuary

Incorporating feng shui design into your yard will help spread its energy into your home and your life.

Size is not the most important concern when incorporating feng shui design to your yard. If you have a lush, eye-catching one, that is great, but even a smaller area works well with feng shui design.

Whether you are adding feng shui design to your home or garden, the methods are the same. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an off-shoot of your home’s bagua, so it is important to determine your home’s first.

It is also crucial to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to optimize its energy.

The Earth element, for example, should be located in the northeast part of your garden which is linked to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Think about integrating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

The Circulation of Outdoor Garden Fountain Industrial Knowledge in Europe

Dissiminating practical hydraulic information and water feature design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the written papers and illustrated books of the time. An unnamed French fountain designer came to be an globally celebrated hydraulic pioneer in the later part of the 1500's. His know-how in creating gardens and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water features began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. The text, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written towards the end of his life in France, turned out to be the fundamental writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The book modified important hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as explaining modern hydraulic technologies.

Dominant among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanical way of transferring water. Two hidden vessels heated by sunlight in a space next to the ornamental fountain were found in an illustration. The heated water expands and then ascends and shuts the pipes thereby triggering the water fountain. Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden ponds are also covered in the guide.

Anglo-Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. However the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Monasteries and castles served separate functions, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures constructed in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on understanding offensive and defensive strategies. The serene method of gardening was impractical in these bleak bastions. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is represented in Berkeley Castle, which is most likely the most unscathed example we have. The keep is reported to have been developed during the time of William the Conqueror. A significant terrace serves as a discouraging factor to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In Crete & Minoa

Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have revealed varied kinds of conduits. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. The majority were prepared from terracotta or even stone. Anytime terracotta was used, it was normally for canals as well as pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or circular forms. There are a couple of illustrations of Minoan clay pipes, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape which have not been seen in any society since that time. The water supply at Knossos Palace was managed with a strategy of terracotta piping which was positioned underneath the floor, at depths going from a couple of centimeters to many meters. The pipes also had other uses including collecting water and directing it to a primary area for storage. Therefore, these piping had to be able to:

Underground Water Transportation: Originally this particular system would seem to have been fashioned not for comfort but rather to give water for specific individuals or rituals without it being observed. Quality Water Transportation: The water pipes could also have been chosen to move water to water fountains that were split from the city’s normal system.


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