Garden Fountains And Public Policy

The first example of a soda tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to motivate more people to go with healthier choices, such as water. Attempts were made to find out the condition of local drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. pd-216__30791.jpg The research utilized a GPS app to compile data on present water fountains in the city. This information was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. The 2 data sets were compared to ascertain what class distinctions, if any, there were in access to operating water fountains. The testing was able to establish the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the condition of the fountains was greater or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The tidiness of various fountains was found wanting, even if most were functioning.

Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Challenges

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, began supplying the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had depended on natural springs up until then. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people dwelling at raised elevations turned to water pulled from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they applied the brand-new tactic of redirecting the flow from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it more straightforward to maintain the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. Even though the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t produce sufficient water. To provide himself with a much more streamlined way to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened, offering him access to the aqueduct below his property.

The Circulation of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

Spreading useful hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated books of the time. In the late 1500's, a French fountain architect (whose name has been lost) was the globally recognized hydraulics pioneer. With Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his work in Italy, building experience in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and clever water features. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a book which became the essential book on hydraulic technology and engineering, was written by him toward the end of his life in France. Classical antiquity hydraulic advancements were outlined as well as revisions to crucial classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs in the publication. Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, had his work showcased and these included a mechanized means to move water. Two undetectable vessels heated by the sun's rays in a room next to the ornamental water feature were found in an illustration. Activating the water fountain is hot water which expands and ascends to seal up the pipes. Pumps, water wheels, water features and backyard pond concepts are documented in the book.

Can Outdoor Garden Fountains Help Purify The Air?

If what you want is to breathe life into an otherwise uninspiring ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the answer. Your senses and your health can benefit from the putting in of one of these indoor features. The research behind this theory endorses the fact that water fountains can favorably impact your health. Water features in general produce negative ions which are then counterbalanced by the positive ions produced by the latest conveniences. The negative ions created by these kinds of water features overtake the positive ones resulting in positive changes to both your mental and physical wellness. The increased serotonin levels arising from these types of features make people more aware, serene and energized. An improved mood as well as a removal of air impurities comes from the negative ions released by indoor wall fountains In order to rid yourself of allergies, impurities in the air and other annoyances, be sure to install one of these. And lastly, dust contaminants and microbes in the air are removed and lead to improved health.

Ancient Fountain Designers

Water fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as a inspired wizard, creator and scientific virtuoso. With his tremendous fascination regarding the forces of nature, he investigated the properties and mobility of water and carefully recorded his observations in his now celebrated notebooks. Coupling inventiveness with hydraulic and landscaping mastery, early Italian fountain designers changed private villa settings into amazing water displays loaded of symbolic meaning and natural wonder. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Well versed in humanist themes as well as established technical readings, other water fountain creators were masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water functions and water pranks for the various properties around Florence.

The Tallest Water Features Across the World

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the highest continually-functioning fountain worldwide. It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Coming in 2nd is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water blasting 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) situated next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is number three on the list.

Regarded as the highest fountain in the United States, it jets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water jets 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps operate at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain which made its debut in 2009 is located next to tallest building worldwide, the famous Burj Khalifa. The fountain shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) and performs once every half hour to pre-recorded music - and even has extreme shooters, not used in every show, which reach up to 150 meters (490 feet).

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

And finally we have the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

Backyard Water Features: The Numerous Styles From Which to Choose

Gardens are great places to pause from the day-to-day routine and get some fresh air and appreciate nature. While it is not a simple undertaking to build one, you will be glad you did once you are able to relax and enjoy it. The value of your home will appreciate with a lovely garden area, as it will boost the “curb appeal” of the property. A water feature is not the only way to improve your landscape; consider adding trees and bushes, paving your driveway, or even putting in some special statues.

A significant improvement to your garden can be achieved by putting in a water fountain. A true fantasyland can be developed from what used to be a very plain spot. The trickling water of your fountain will not only give you a calming retreat, it will also attract wild birds and other friendly local critters. All eyes will now be focused on the beautiful fountain.


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