How Technical Designs of Outdoor Spread

pd-152__80874.jpg The circulated papers and illustrated publications of the day contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the primary methods of transmitting practical hydraulic information and water feature suggestions all through Europe. In the later part of the 1500's, a French water feature architect (whose name has been lost) was the globally distinguished hydraulics pioneer. His experience in creating gardens and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water features began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, near the end of his lifetime, he published “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The publication updated key hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as detailing modern hydraulic technologies. As a mechanized way to move water, Archimedes invented the water screw, key among crucial hydraulic breakthroughs. Sunlight heating up water in two containers concealed in a room next to an ornamental fountain was presented in one illustration. The end result: the fountain is activated by the hot water expanding and ascending up the conduits. The book also mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature designs.

Guidelines for Putting in a Garden Water Fountain

A lot of people overlook the need for an electrical socket or water source close by when contemplating where to position their garden fountain. Occasionally new owners get so caught up in the thrill of their new purchase that they forget important details. Do not forget that an extension cord can be useful if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the typical length of power cords. A practical place to get water is important since you will need to fill your fountain. Water is difficult to move by yourself from place to place. A nearby hose can make filling the fountain a great deal more convenient. If you have an expert on hand, you may want to consider getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much less difficult in the long run.

The First Garden Water Features recorded in Human History.

The water from creeks and other sources was initially provided to the occupants of nearby towns and cities through water fountains, whose design was primarily practical, not artistic. In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity alone, usually using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby hills. Inspiring and impressive, large water fountains have been constructed as memorials in many societies. When you see a fountain today, that is certainly not what the very first water fountains looked like. Simple stone basins crafted from local stone were the original fountains, used for religious functions and drinking water. 2000 BC is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were originally used. The spray of water emerging from small jets was pressured by gravity, the lone power source designers had in those days. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public statues, as attractive as they are practical. Fountains with ornate decoration began to show up in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., usually gods and wildlife, made with stone or bronze. The City of Rome had an intricate system of aqueducts that provided the water for the many fountains that were located throughout the community.

A Few Simple Ways to Hang a Wall Water Fountain

Make any room more attractive with a wall fountain. The effects of the water sounds include bringing serenity and calm to the room. Entryways are common places for wall fountains, but they can also be installed in any common living area. Although the instructions for hanging one are fairly straightforward there will be small modifications depending on the model. There are normally several pieces that need to be put together. The foundation and the upper section will need to be put together as well as the pump and the tubing. Be sure to review the instruction manual before starting to ensure it is done right. You will find the process relatively easy. That said, there can be minor differences depending on the model you have. Another person can be useful to hold the wall fountain in the right position so that you can mark the wall. A level is the best tool to ensure it is installed straight. It is suggested to mark both the bottom and the top placements. Wall features can be mounted in more than one way. You will find slots on the back side of the wall fountain which can be hung directly onto the screws. Alternatively, brackets can be fixed to the wall. The bracket alternative is better, particularly for wall fountains that are big and bulky. Put a mark on the wall where the brackets will best go on your wall fountain. To put in the drywall anchors, first drill pilot holes into the wall. Affix the anchors by attentively hammering them into the wall.

Hold the brackets in place on the wall and use a portable drill or screwdriver to attach them. Hang your wall fountain by fastening it onto the brackets. Check to be sure it is both secure and aligned. When you are sure the unit is stable, add water. Use sufficient water so that the pump is completely submerged. Plug the pump into the wall and observe the water begin to flow. Slowly pour in more water until it comes within an inch of the top of the basin. Be attentive not to fill it totally to the top or it will overflow when you switch off the pump. Anytime the water is not being pumped, it all settles at the bottom causing the water level to rise. Harm can be caused if the water is overly full and flows down your wall.

Determing the Ideal Place for Your Water Element

When you are selecting a water fountain, be sure to give some thought to where you will install it. Roundabouts and driveways are wonderful spots for them.

There are models such as wall fountains designed expressly to be hung against a flat surface. If you look on the back, you will notice a bar or some other piece to secure it against a wall, grate or fence. Keep in mind when you install your fountain that you must securely attach it to a wall to avoid having it fall over in high winds and being damaged.

In public places like parks where people tend to sit and relax for a few minutes, you will notice one other option – the garden sculpture style.

A Magnificent Example of Roman Artistry: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of heathen and Christian artifacts on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome.

The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not oftentimes visited. The part of town where it was situated was forlorn and uninviting which was enough to keep visitors away. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The work of laying down the church’s first stones began on August 17, 1717. Medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.

Anglo-Saxon Gardens at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the populace. Most often built upon windy summits, castles were fundamental structures that permitted their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently placed in only the most fecund, broad valleys. Gardening, a placid occupation, was unfeasible in these unproductive fortifications. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most intact model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to assailants wanting to excavate under the castle walls. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and surrounded by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.


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