Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Problems

Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Roma, residents who lived on hillsides had to go further down to gather their water from natural sources. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people dwelling at greater elevations turned to water pulled from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. In the very early 16th century, the city began to use the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to deliver drinking water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were made at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. a-509r__11611.jpg During the roughly nine years he owned the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the channel in buckets, though they were actually designed for the purpose of cleaning and servicing the aqueduct. Even though the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t produce enough water. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

Can Water Wall Fountains Help Purify The Air?

You can liven up your environment by setting up an indoor wall fountain. Putting in this type of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general health. The science behind this theory supports the idea that water fountains can positively impact your health. The negative ions emitted by water features are offset by the positive ions produced by modern-day conveniences. The negative ions produced by these kinds of water features overtake the positive ones ending in positive changes to both your mental and physical wellness. You can become more alert, calm and lively due to an increase in the serotonin levels resulting from these types of features. Due to the negative ions it releases, an indoor wall fountain can improve your mood and also eliminate impurities in the air. Water features also help in eliminating allergens, pollutants among other sorts of irritants. Lastly, the dust particles and micro-organisms present in the air inside your house are absorbed by water fountains leading to better overall health.

Free Drinking Fountains in Berkley, California

The first US city to implement a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The tax is intended to lessen sugary drink intake and enhance the consumption of healthier beverages, such as water from fountains. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. By developing a mobile GPS application, analysts were able to get data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. This information was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. Comparisons were made amongst the location and demographic data, uncovering whether class differences affected availability to clean, working water fountains. The evaluation was able to establish the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the condition of the fountains was better or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The tidiness of numerous fountains was found poor, even if most were working.

The Hellenic Republic: Cultural Statues

Although many sculptors were remunerated by the temples to decorate the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the period came to a close, it became more common for sculptors to depict average people as well because many of Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Sometimes, a representation of affluent families' forefathers would be commissioned to be laid within huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be copied by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became commonplace. The use of sculpture and other art forms varied over the years of The Greek Classical period, a duration of creative progress when the arts had more than one objective.

Greek sculpture is possibly attractive to us all at present as it was an avant-garde experiment in the ancient world, so it doesn't matter whether its original purpose was religious zeal or artistic enjoyment.

Setting Up and Maintaining Outdoor Fountains

An important first step before installing any outdoor wall fountain is to consider the area you have available. In order to hold up its total weight, a solid wall is required. Also keep in mind that smaller areas or walls will require a lightweight fountain. You will need to have an electrical plug in proximity to the fountain so it can be powered. Since there are many kinds of outdoor wall fountains, installation methods vary, but the majority include easy to follow instructions.

The typical outdoor wall feature is available in an easy-to-use kit that comes with everything you need and more to properly install it. The kit includes a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. Depending on its size, the basin can typically be hidden quite easily amongst the plants. Once your wall fountain is installed, all that is needed is regular cleaning and some light maintenance.

Replenishing and cleaning the water on a consistent basis is very important. Leaves, branches or dirt are examples of rubbish which should be cleared away quickly. Extremely cold temperatures can damage your outdoor wall fountain so be sure to protect it during winer. If left outdoors, your pump could split as a result of freezing water, so bring it inside during the winter. Simply put, your outdoor fountain will be a part of your life for many years with the correct care and maintenance.

Anglo-Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The expertise of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to think about domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were usually immense stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their residents devoted time and space to projects for offense and defense.

The bare fortresses did not provide for the peaceful avocation of farming. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most complete model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to attackers wanting to excavate under the castle walls. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Garden Water Features: The Perfect Way to Celebrate a Special Person

For a cherished one you have lost, a garden fountain could make a wonderful memorial. Age-old customs are frequently met with defiance nowadays. However, people still commonly have some sort of memorial for loved ones who have passed. Personal things from the dead person’s life often play an important part in a memorial. They come in many shapes and sizes, and backyard garden fountains are very popular. There are lots of ways to individualize your garden fountain in your loved one’s memory such as putting in flowers including, attaching a plaque, or gathering for memorial services around the fountain.

Remembering those who have passed is easy with a garden fountain. The flowing of water through the fountain symbolizes the luck and affluence of your loved one and can also make part of the celebration of their life. Make sure to get a tough, durable, weatherproof garden fountain to create a lasting memorial. You want to ensure your garden fountain is going to endure once you get it set up.


Gardens of Chatworth and its "Revelation" Fountain
Created by celebrated British sculptor Angela Conner, "Revelation" is the latest addition to the Chatsworth ornamental outdoor water features. In commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration, she was mandated by the late... read more
Outdoor Water Fountains And Public Health
Berkley, CA people voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. The taxation is believed to minimize... read more
A Solar Landscape Fountain
Less maintenance is a result of adding this kind of fountain. As there is no electrical motor that can get clogged, little cleaning is needed. And since there is little cleaning to do,... read more
Keeping Your Outdoor Water fountain Tidy
One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working condition is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. If the water level slides below the pump’s... read more
A Few Good Techniques to Install a Wall Water Fountain
Whenever there is too much water, it will spill out and can wreck your flooring and furniture. read more