The Wonderful Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain in Rome

Amazing finds of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area around Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Located in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the acclaimed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not frequently visited. twf038-ei__38714.jpg Due to the fact that the nearby area was gloomy and mostly abandoned, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. As part of a project to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to design a fountain. August 11, 1717 saw the start of the job to lay down the foundation of the church. The consecration of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Attributes of Outdoor Statuary in Archaic Greece

Up until the Archaic Greeks provided the 1st freestanding sculpture, a noteworthy triumph, carvings had largely been done in walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are referred to as kouros figures. The kouroi, viewed as by the Greeks to symbolize beauty, had one foot extended out of a strict forward-facing pose and the male statues were regularly unclothed, with a powerful, powerful build. In 650 BC, life-sized variations of the kouroi began to be observed. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they progressed into more refined forms of government and art, and acquired more information about the peoples and civilizations outside of Greece. Throughout this time and other times of historic tumultuousness, clashes often occurred, among them wars fought between city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan infiltration of Samos.

Can Landscape Fountains Help Purify The Air?

An otherwise lackluster ambiance can be livened up with an indoor wall fountain. Your senses and your health can benefit from the putting in of one of these indoor features. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just look at the research supporting this idea. Water features in general produce negative ions which are then counterbalanced by the positive ions released by modern conveniences. When positive ions overtake negative ones, this results in bettered mental and physical health. The increased serotonin levels arising from these types of features make people more aware, serene and energized. Indoor wall fountains {generate negative ions which serve to elevate your mood and eliminate air pollutants.

Allergies, air-borne pollutants among other annoyances can be done away with by these water features. Lastly, the dust particles and micro-organisms floating in the air inside your house are absorbed by water fountains leading to better overall health.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems

Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens residing at higher elevations had to rely on natural springs for their water. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to count on the other existing technologies of the day, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a unique method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sections to supply water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. Even though they were originally developed to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to collect water from the channel, opening when he acquired the property in 1543. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to meet his needs. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat below his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

A Solar Wall Water Fountain

Are you looking for the perfect piece to enhance your home? Stop looking! Solar water fountains are the perfect solution - they bring beauty to any home and at the same time add financial value to the property. They offer all the valuable benefits of electric fountains, such as improving health and general well-being but they also provide tremendous monetary rewards. Despite initial expenses, the long-term expense for this type of fountain is worth it. You will not have to concern yourself about energy shortages as your fountain will not be powered by electricity.

Constant running water fountains will probably lead to a higher electric bill at the end of the month. Even though you might not instantly notice the short-term benefits, remember that your home will certainly gain in value in the long-term.

Higher bills is not the only problem with using more electricity, the environment takes a big hit as well. Solar driven water fountains are a good alternative to becoming “green”.

Using solar energy to run a water feature is not only favorable to our environment but it also heats and cools our homes.

Less maintenance is a benefit of adding this kind of fountain. Since solar fountains don't have motors, they don't get clogged which leads to less cleaning. Which ultimately means more time to chill out in your yard.

The Distribution of Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

The circulated papers and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation, and were the primary means of dissiminating useful hydraulic concepts and fountain suggestions all through Europe. An unnamed French fountain engineer became an globally celebrated hydraulic pioneer in the late 1500's. His know-how in creating gardens and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water attributes began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a guide that became the essential book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was authored by him towards the end of his lifetime in France. Detailing modern hydraulic technologies, the book also modified key hydraulic developments of classical antiquity. The water screw, a mechanical way to move water, and invented by Archimedes, was featured in the book. Two hidden containers heated by the sun's rays in a area adjacent to the decorative fountain were found in an illustration.

The heated liquid expands and subsequently rises and closes the water lines thereby activating the water fountain. Garden ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature styles are incorporated in the publication.

What Are Self-Contained Fountains

People appreciate self-contained fountains for their simple installation and lower cost. Since all materials are included with the fountain, no additional parts are required. Fountains that come with their own water resource are also known as “self-contained”.

Since they do not require much work to install, self-contained fountains are perfect for patios and porches. Their versatility is also an advantage, as they are very easy to move around.

The first issue the landscaper will need to find out is whether or not the land is even. Any holes and bumps can easily be leveled by your landscaper. Your water feature is now ready for setup and the addition of water. The final step is to plug it into a socket, a solar panel, or batteries.

The best alternative for anyone who wants convenience and does not want to use external plumbing or water source is a self-contained fountain. Lots of people place them in the middle of the garden, but they can really go anywhere. Cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass are just a few of the materials used to produce them.


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