Rome’s First Water Transport Solutions

94-911-1801__34800.jpg Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens residing at higher elevations had to depend on natural springs for their water. If residents residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the other existing techniques of the time, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they implemented the brand-new technique of redirecting the motion from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. The aqueduct’s channel was made available by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was initially engineered. Even though they were primarily planned to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to collect water from the channel, opening when he bought the property in 1543. He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had built on his residential property to obtain rainwater. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

Water Features: Fundamental in any Japanese Gardens

Japanese gardens typically feature a water feature. Since Japanese water fountains are considered emblematic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned at the entrance of buildings or shrines. Since water is the most essential element of any Japanese fountain, the design is normally simple.

Many people also choose a water fountain that has a bamboo spout. The basin, which tends to be built of stones, receives the water as it flows down from the bamboo spout. It ought to have a worn-down, weathered appearance as well.

So that the fountain seems at one with nature, people normally decorate it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just attractive decoration.

For something a bit more distinctive, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then decorate it imaginatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. In time, as moss gradually covers the rocks, it becomes even more natural-looking.

Anyone who has an extensive spot to work with can, of course, out in a much bigger water feature. Popular water feature additions are a koi pond or any sort of tiny pool, or even a meandering brook.

Japanese fountains, however, do not actually need to have water in them. Many people prefer to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in actual water. In addition, flat stones can be laid out close enough together to give the impression of a babbling brook.

Tips for Your Perfect Refuge Indoors or Out

To attain the maximum feeling of serenity and harmony, be sure to include a feng shui fountain. Adding a garden or home waterfall is an easy way to make this happen. They are the ideal addition to your property.

So that you can enjoy your outdoor fountain from inside the house as well, pick a good spot for it.

Make sure to include some beautiful flowers and plants, as they enhance any water fountain. Look for plant types that blossom throughout the year. In addition, consider incorporating other elements such as an outdoor fireplace, art, or interesting rocks.

Water-raising Tool by Camillo Agrippa

Though the machine made by Agrippa for raising water attained the esteem of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to vanish not very long after. Only years later, in 1592, the early contemporary Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was hooked up to the Medici’s villa, possibly making the device outdated. Though it’s more probable that it was simply tossed when Ferdinando relinquished his cardinalship and moved back to Florence, securing his place as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, after the demise of his brother, Francesco di Medici, in 1588. Although there were various other worthwhile water-driven designs either projected or built during the later part of the sixteenth century, like scenographic water features, giochi d’acqua or water caprices, and melodious water features, not one were nourished by water like Agrippa’s device.

Modern Water Fountains And Public Policy

The very first American city to implement a tax on sweet drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014.

The taxation is supposed to minimize sugary drink intake and augment the consumption of healthier drinks, including water from fountains. Research was performed to find out the status of local drinking water fountains and whether people from different racial or economical backgrounds had reduced access to them. The study utilized a GPS app to collect data on existing water fountains in the city. This information was cross-referenced with demographic data on race and income collected from the US Census Community Study database. By cross-referencing the water fountain locations with the demographic information, they were able to establish whether access to working fountains was class reliant. Each water fountain and the demographics of its surrounding area were examined to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their level of maintenance exhibited any link to income, race, or other factors. Most of the water fountains were filthy or clogged, regardless of the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

The Varied Designs in Backyard Fountains

Gardens are great places to take a break from the day-to-day routine and get some fresh air and appreciate nature. While there is a lot of work involved in getting a new one designed and built, it is worth the effort for anyone who will be using it. The value of your home will appreciate with a lovely garden area, as it will enhance the “curb appeal” of the property. There are many ways to boost the visual beauty of a yard, like adding flowers and plants, artwork, an attractive pavement, or a water feature.

A significant enhancement to your garden can be accomplished by putting in a water fountain. Where you once had a plain area, you will now have an outdoor wonderland. The feeling of your garden will be very different once you install a water fountain, as the calming sounds of the water will create an oasis for you as well as for the friendly birds and animals it will attract. Your fountain will promptly turn into the main feature of your garden or yard.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Outdoor Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are countless celebrated fountains. Almost all of them were designed, architected and constructed by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His expertise as a fountain creator and also as a city architect, are visible all through the streets of Rome. To completely reveal their artwork, primarily in the form of public water features and water features, Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately relocated in Rome. An diligent worker, the young Bernini received praise and patronage of various popes and influential designers. At first he was well known for his sculpting skills. Most particularly in the Vatican, he used a base of expertise in historical Greek architecture and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble. Though many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.


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