The Globe's Most Splendid Water Showpieces

The King Fahd Fountain (built in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest consistently-running fountain on the planet. 53245ms__95371.jpg The water reaches the fantastic height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Coming in 2nd is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water shooting 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. Regarded as the tallest fountain in the United States, it jets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. Once every half hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

The Dispersion of Water Feature Design Innovation

Dissiminating practical hydraulic information and fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the printed papers and illustrated books of the time. An unnamed French fountain engineer became an globally celebrated hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. With Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, developing know-how in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water hydraulics. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a book which turned into the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was written by him toward the end of his life in France. Explaining contemporary hydraulic systems, the book furthermore modified key hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity. The water screw, a technical means to move water, and devised by Archimedes, was highlighted in the book.

Sunlight warming water in a couple of vessels unseen in a room adjacent to an ornamental water fountain was shown in one illustration. The heated liquid expands and subsequently ascends and shuts the water lines consequently activating the fountain. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and backyard pond styles are documented in the text.

Installing a Wall Water Feature in Your Residence

Any living space will benefit from the inclusion of a wall fountain. The relaxing sound of the waterfall will de-stress and comfort. Entryways are common places for wall fountains, but they can also be displayed in any common area. Although each model might have slight differences on how to hang it, the basic directions are the same for all. There are usually several pieces that need to be put together. The bottom and the upper part will need to be put together as well as the pump and the tubing. Remember to review the guidelines before getting started in order to avert problems. The set-up work is quite simple to understand. Note, however, that the directions for your individual model can vary slightly.

Have a friend hold the wall fountain in the desired place, then mark the wall appropriately. To ensure it will be straight, get a level. Both the top and the lower part should be marked. Your wall fountain can be hung using one of two methods. The first is to utilize screws which you glide right into the slots on the back. Alternatively, you might want to attach brackets to the wall and use those. The second option is better suited, especially for bigger wall fountains. Mark the spot on the wall where the brackets need to be attached. Drill pilot holes in the wall for the drywall anchors. Gently tap on the anchors with a hammer to embed them into the wall. Use a cordless drill or a screwdriver to install the brackets, making sure they are straight. It is now time to place your wall fountain onto the mounting brackets. Be sure it is both secure and level. Water can be added after the fountain has been secured. Make certain there is sufficient water to cover the pump. Plug the pump into the wall and see the water begin to move.

Slowly pour in more water until it comes within an inch of the top of the basin. The basin will overflow when the pump is shut off if it is too full, so be certain not to fill it completely. Once the pump is turned off the water all settles at the bottom of the bowl, causing the water level to rise. When the fountain is too full, water can spill out and cause damage to the nearby area.

Why Your Your Furry Friends and Flying Visitors Love Water Fountains

Wildlife and pets are naturally attracted to bird feeders and water fountains. Birds need to have water to drink, bathe in, as well a place to groom, or preen. Birds such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers are normally attracted to the active water of fountains. Birds are usually drawn to outdoor fountains because of their moving water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths. Trickling fountains which splash water have a more noticeable sound, this attracting even more birds.

Dogs love fountains as they provide another place to drink water. Hot days drive dogs and cats to anxiously look for the freshest water nearby.

Also, regularly coursing water fountains require less maintenance than the still water of a birdbath that tend to get dirtier.

Taking Care Of Outdoor Garden Fountains

An important facet to think about is the size of the outdoor wall fountain in respect to the space in which you are going to mount it. It is essential that the wall where you are going to put it is sturdy enough to support its load. Areas or walls that are small will require a lightweight fountain. You will need to have an electrical outlet in the vicinity of the fountain so it can be powered. Most outdoor wall fountains come with simple, step-by-step instructions with respect to the type of fountain.

Generally, when you purchase an outdoor wall fountain, it will come in an easy-to-use kit that will include all the information needed to install it properly. The kit contains a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. The basin can usually be hidden away among your garden plants if it is not too large. Once your wall fountain is installed, all that is needed is consistent cleaning and some light maintenance.

Replenishing and purifying the water on a routine basis is very important. Debris such as branches, leaves or dirt should be cleaned up quickly. In addition, your outdoor wall fountain should not be subjected to freezing winter temperatures. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter season, move your pump indoors. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with proper servicing and care.

Presenting Contained Garden Fountains

People love self-contained fountains for their simple installation and lower price. Since all components are included with the fountain, no additional parts are required. Fountains that come with their own water source are also known as “self-contained”.

If you are shopping for an easy-to-install water fountain for a veranda or deck, a self-contained model is definitely recommended. They are easily transportable too in case you later choose to move it somewhere else.

The landscaper will first check that the spot where you want your fountain to go is level. Any bumps can easily be evened out by your landscaper. Your water feature is now ready for setup and the addition of water. Last but not least, connect it to a solar panel, a wall socket, or batteries, and it will be good to go.

The best choice for anyone who wants convenience and does not want to use external plumbing or water source is a self-contained fountain. Although a fountain can be a focal point anywhere in a garden, many people put them in the middle. A variety of common materials can be used for fountains including cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.

Keeping Your Outdoor Fountain Clean

Adequate care and regular cleaning are important to the longevity of water fountains. A typical problem with fountains is that they tend to collect dirt and debris, so it is vital that you keep it free from this. Also, algae tends to build up wherever natural light meets water. Mix hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular issue. Another option is to stir bleach into the water, but this action can sicken wild animals and so should really be avoided.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should undergo a decent cleaning.

Before cleaning, all the water must be removed. When it is empty, scrub inside the reservoir with a mild cleanser. If there are any tiny grooves, grab a toothbrush to reach each and every spot. Do not leave any soap deposit inside or on the fountain.

It is highly suggested taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and remove any plankton or calcium. To make it less challenging, soak it in vinegar overnight before cleaning. If you want to minimize build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water versus tap water, as these don’t contain any elements that will stick to the inside of the pump.

And finally, make sure the water level is continuously full in order to keep your fountain operating optimally. If the water level slides below the pump’s intake level, it can harm the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!


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