From Where Did Fountains Come From?

ppd-551__79066.jpg The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains functioned using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and celebrate the artist responsible for creating it. Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

The end of the nineteenth century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational activities.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worth Seeing

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian antiquities in Rome have stumbled upon a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The celebrated marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was created in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. It was said that there was very little to see in this area, as it was bleak and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's foundation commenced on on August 11, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medals bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also tossed in.

The Father Of Rome's Water Fountain Design

There are countless famous water fountains in Rome’s city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceived and produced nearly all of them. Also a city architect, he had abilities as a water feature designer, and remnants of his life's work are obvious throughout the avenues of Rome. Ultimately travelling to Rome to fully express their artwork, primarily in the shape of public water fountains, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. The juvenile Bernini was an exceptional employee and attained compliments and backing of important artists as well as popes. At first he was renowned for his sculpting skills. Most famously in the Vatican, he utilized a base of experience in ancient Greek architecture and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble. Though a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo inspired him the most.

Setting Up and Maintaining Garden Fountains

A vital first step before installing any outdoor wall feature is to analyze the room you have available. It will require a very strong wall to support its overall weight. Areas or walls which are small will require a lightweight fountain. In order for the fountain to have power, a nearby electrical outlet is needed. Whatever the style of outdoor wall fountain you choose, they typically come with easy to understand, step-by-step instructions.

Most outdoor wall fountains are available in "for-dummies" style kits that will provide you all you need to properly install it. The kit contains a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. The basin can typically be hidden away among your garden plants if it is not too big.

Since outdoor wall fountains require little attention, the only thing left to do is clean it consistently.

Replace the water regularly so it is always clean. Leaves, branches or dirt are examples of rubbish which should be cleared away quickly. In addition, your outdoor wall fountain should not be exposed to freezing winter weather conditions. Your pump may crack when subjected to freezing water during the winter, so it is best to bring it indoors to prevent any damage. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with the right upkeep and care.

Big Water Wonders Across the World

Referred to as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) found in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously operating fountain in the world. It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Coming in second is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water blasting 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) found next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is #3 on the list. It propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the USA.

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water shoots 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating.

The Dubai Fountain which made its debut in 2009 is situated next to tallest building worldwide, the famous Burj Khalifa. Once every half hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Jetting water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in seventh.

Last of all is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).

Water Fountain Engineers Through History

Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century typically worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a imaginative genius, Leonardo da Vinci toiled as an innovator and scientific guru. He methodically recorded his findings in his currently celebrated notebooks, following his immense interest in the forces of nature inspired him to examine the properties and movement of water. Early Italian water fountain engineers altered private villa configurations into ingenious water exhibits full with emblematic meaning and natural elegance by coupling imagination with hydraulic and gardening expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio brought the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was recognized for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. For the various properties near Florence, other water feature developers were well versed in humanistic subject areas and ancient technical texts, masterminding the excellent water marbles, water attributes and water humor.

The Hellenic Republic: Architectural Statuary

Traditionally, most sculptors were paid by the temples to decorate the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it became more accepted for sculptors to present ordinary people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Wealthy families would often times commission a rendering of their ancestors for their big familial burial tombs; portraiture additionally became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. The use of sculpture and other art forms varied through the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of creative progress when the arts had more than one objective. Greek sculpture was a modern component of antiquity, whether the reason was faith based fervor or aesthetic satisfaction, and its contemporary excellence may be what endears it to us today.


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