The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. s_427_art__72076.jpg But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Most often built upon windy peaks, castles were fundamental constructs that enabled their occupants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently placed in only the most fecund, broad valleys. The tranquil practice of gardening was impractical in these dreary bastions. The purest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is rumored to have been invented during the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to attackers attempting to excavate under the castle walls. A scenic bowling green, enveloped in grass and bordered by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.

Delight in the Splendor of the Cascade Water Feature at Chatsworth

The Cascade garden fountain forms a amazing garden centerpiece at the back of Chatsworth House. Twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps in a series extend 200 yards towards the house and all the way down the hillside. The Cascade, also totally gravity fed, is founded on a 17th century French format. In 1696, this particular water fountain was built for the first Duke of Devonshire and has stayed the same ever since that time. The Cascade House overlooks the fountain, where water gently flows downward. The dwelling, embellished on the outside with sea creatures in bas-relief, is a small building. Water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted on certain instances, causing the Cascade House to become an essential element of the Cascade display, as water passes through conduits on its rooftop and from the jaws of its carved ocean creatures, prior to proceeding down the Cascade. The music of the water cascading varies as it goes down the Cascades, providing a fantastic and soothing complement to a saunter through the gardens and formed by the small difference of each step. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade, was named England's best water feature.

The Genesis Of Fountains

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains had to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the artist. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to beautify their fountains. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create smaller depictions of the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains built to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

How Feng Shui Turn Your Backyard into a Haven

Integrating feng shui design into your yard will help spread its energy into your home and your life.

Size is not the primary factor when incorporating feng shui design to your yard.

It is fabulous to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can still incorporate feng shui design.

The same tools you employ to introduce feng shui design into your home can be used in the garden. In order to learn the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first need to understand your home’s bagua.

It is also essential to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to optimize its energy.

An example of this is that Earth is the feng shui element you should include in the northeast part of your garden because that part of your garden connects to the energy of personal growth and self-cultivation. A Zen garden with some nice natural rocks is perfect for that spot, as the rocks represent the Earth element.

Southeast (money and abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life) are feng shui areas perfect for a water element.

Did You Know How Technical Concepts of Water Fountains Became Known?

Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated books of the time. They were also the main method of transmitting practical hydraulic information and water fountain design suggestions all through Europe. In the later part of the 1500's, a French water fountain architect (whose name has been lost) was the internationally recognized hydraulics leader. With imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, acquiring expertise in garden design and grottoes with integrated and imaginative water features. The text, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored near the end of his lifetime in France, became the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The book updated key hydraulic advancements since classical antiquity as well as explaining modern day hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, had his work showcased and these integrated a mechanical means to move water. Sunlight warming water in a couple of containers hidden in a room next to an ornamental water feature was shown in one illustration.

The end result: the water feature is stimulated by the hot water expanding and ascending up the pipes. The book furthermore includes garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

Tips for Putting in a Garden

When thinking about where to set up your garden fountain, do not overlook the fact that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. Occasionally new owners get so caught up in the romance of their new purchase that they forget important details. Do not forget that an extension cord can be useful if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the typical length of power cords. Set up your fountain in a place close to a water source as you will need to refill it. Water is challenging to move by yourself from place to place. A nearby hose can make filling the fountain a lot easier. The ideal setup is with a water fountain autofill, but this has to be connected to an external water line and needs a skilled person to install it.

Cultural Statues in Old Greece

A good number of sculptors were paid by the temples to accentuate the intricate columns and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the stage came to a close and many Greeks started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to represent ordinary men and women as well. Portraiture came to be widespread as well, and would be accepted by the Romans when they defeated the Greeks, and on occasion affluent families would order a depiction of their progenitors to be put inside their grand familial burial tombs. The usage of sculpture and other art forms varied through the years of The Greek Classical period, a duration of creative growth when the arts had more than one objective. It may be the advanced quality of Greek sculpture that captivates our eye these days; it was on a leading-edge practice of the classic world whether it was established for religious purposes or artistic pleasure.


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