The Father Of Roman Fountain Design And Style

ft_271__55946.jpg There are many celebrated Roman fountains in its city center. One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, conceptualized and constructed almost all of them. He was also a city architect, in addition to his expertise as a fountain engineer, and traces of his life's work are noticeable throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. The young Bernini received praise from Popes and relevant artists alike, and was an diligent worker. He was originally celebrated for his sculpture. Most notably in the Vatican, he used a base of knowledge in classic Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. Though many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo affected him the most.

Chatsworth: The Revelation Water Fountain

Created by well-known English sculptor Angela Conner, "Revelation" is the latest addition to the Chatsworth ornamental outdoor water fountains. In celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday, she was commissioned by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to build a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth made of brass and steel in 2004. In 1999 Revelation was mounted in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s oldest ponds. Alternatively concealing and revealing a golden globe at the sculpture’s center, the metallic fountain takes the appearance of four large petals that open and close with the flow of water. Standing five meters high and five meters wide, the globe was made from steel and then coated with gold dust. This newest water feature is an exciting and interesting extension to the Gardens of Chatsworth, because the movement of flower petals is completely run by water.

The Benefits of Disappearing Water Fountains in your Backyard

Disappearing fountains sometimes go by the term “pondless” fountains. The origin of the water is not visible because it is underneath the surface of the ground. Disappearing fountains add mellow sound effects and striking visuals to any place where people gather. There are numerous types of them including millstones, ceramic urns, granite columns, and natural-looking waterfalls.

A disappearing fountain could be the most appropriate choice for you for many reasons. The water rises from underground and does not form a large pool above ground so any danger to those around it is reduced. Consequently, it poses no risk to children.

Evaporating water is also not a concern since the water source is not out in the open. This means you will waste less water than if you had another style of fountain. It is extremely low-maintenance since it is below ground and not exposed to debris or algae. Lastly, it is easier to find a place for it because of its small size.

A Fountain Your Cat Can Appreciate

Does hearing water flow from the faucet make your cat come running? Does he put his paws into the toilet or check the water in his bowl before putting his face in it? Odd as these behaviors sound, they in fact show a cat’s natural instinct to avoid still standing water. Typically, they do not drink water that is not moving.

Untamed cats get sufficient moisture from the meat they eat. Therefore, cats do not have a natural desire for much water. Pet cats, however, rely on you for their water, as they do not get the adequate hydration from their foods.

Cat fountains are a simple way to provide a water source for your pet.

Having one will ensure your cat has enough water around anytime it wants to drink. The range of different types will let you to choose a fountain best suited to your cat. Some fountains are essentially a basin which refills automatically while others provide fresher water due to their constant flow.

The Dazzling Cascade Fountain at the Garden of Chatsworth

The Cascade garden fountain creates a spectacular focal point to the gardens and is located at the back of Chatsworth House. For 200 yards alongside the house is a series of 24 irregularly positioned stone steps extending down the hillside. Entirely gravity fed, the Cascade too is founded on a 17th century French design. Remaining unchanged since its inception, this water fountain was originally created for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. The Cascade House rests at the top of the fountain where water spills downward. A small building, the dwelling is adorned on the outside with sea creatures in bas-relief. Leading to the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade pageant, on unique occasions water pressure to the Cascade can easily be enhanced, as liquid goes through ducts on its roof and from the jaws of its carved marine creatures, before carrying on down the Cascade. The size of every step was made slightly different and means that the sound of the water falling differs as it falls down the Cascades, providing a wonderful and wonderful complement to a stroll through the gardens. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was recognized by historians at Country Life as the best water fountain in England.

How Technical Designs And Styles of Water Fountains Spread

Throughout Europe, the primary means of dissiminating useful hydraulic understanding and fountain design ideas were the published pamphlets and illustrated publications of the day, which added to the advancement of scientific development. In the later part of the 1500's, a French fountain architect (whose name has been lost) was the internationally distinguished hydraulics pioneer. With imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his career in Italy, building knowledge in garden design and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water features. The publication, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored near the end of his lifetime in France, became the definitive writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries were elaborated as well as changes to crucial classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries in the book. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work showcased and these integrated a mechanical way to move water. Sunlight warming liquid in a couple of containers concealed in a room adjacent to an ornamental fountain was presented in one illustration. What occurs is the heated water expanded, goes up and closes up the piping heading to the fountain, and thus leading to stimulation. Designs for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden ponds are also included in the guide.

Things You Will Need to Have for a Garden Fountain

A lot of people forget about the need for an electrical socket or water source close by when contemplating where to position their garden fountain. Occasionally new owners get so caught up in the romance of their new purchase that they forget critical details. Do not forget that an extension cord can be handy if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the typical length of power cords. A practical place to get water is essential since you will need to fill your fountain. It is tough to move water from one location to another. The simplest way to fill the fountain is with a nearby water hose. If you have an expert on hand, you may want to look into getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much easier in the long run.


Gardens of Chatworth: The "Revelation" Fountain
The renowned UK sculptor Angela Conner created the Chatsworth decorative outdoor fountain called “Revelation.” She was commissioned by the deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to create a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in 2004/5 in commemoration of the... read more
Agrippa’s Splendid Water-lifting Machine
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Tips for Designing a Relaxing Indoor or Exterior Sanctuary
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The Profound Advantages of Water Elements
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