Gardens of Chatworth: The "Revelation" Water Display

“Revelation,” the latest inclusion to the decorative garden fountains of Chatsworth, was created by renowned British sculptor Angela Conner. In celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration, she was commissioned by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to make a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth designed of brass and steel in 2004. Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s most venerable ponds, had “Revelation” put up in 1999. wwlhs_cv_1__25178.jpg Taking the form of four large flower petals that open and close with the circulation of water, the metal water fountain alternately hides and reveals a gold colored globe at the heart of the sculpture. A metallic globe finished with gold dust was included into the sculpture, which rests five meters in height and five meters in width. This most recent water fountain is an intriguing and interesting addition to the Chatsworth Gardens, unique in that the motion of the flower petals is totally powered by water.

The Original Water Features

Water fountains were initially practical in purpose, used to deliver water from rivers or springs to towns and villages, providing the residents with fresh water to drink, wash, and cook with. To generate water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and create a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such as a creek or lake, situated higher than the fountain. Inspirational and impressive, prominent water fountains have been built as memorials in many cultures. Rough in design, the 1st water fountains did not look much like modern fountains. The very first recognized water fountain was a natural stone basin carved that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. Natural stone basins are theorized to have been 1st utilized around 2000 BC. The first fountains used in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to control the flow of water through the fountain. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became ornate public monuments, as striking as they are practical. The people of Rome began building decorative fountains in 6 BC, most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of wildlife and mythological representations. Water for the community fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a intricate system of water aqueducts.

Stand-Alone Fountains: Are They Useful?

Given that contained fountains are both affordable and easy to install, they are very popular. Since all components are included with the fountain, no extra parts are required. Yet another name for a fountain having its own water supply is known as “self-contained”.

If you are shopping for an easy-to-install water fountain for a veranda or porch, a self-contained model is definitely recommended. Their mobility is also a plus, as they are very easy to move around.

The place you want to put your fountain will need to be even, so your landscaper will need to first determine if this is the case. If your landscaper thinks the surface is too bumpy, he can always flatten it for you. Your water feature is now prepared for placement and the addition of water. Last but not least, connect it to a solar panel, a wall outlet, or batteries, and it will be good to go.

Anyone who does not have easy access to a water source or external plumbing should think about a self-contained fountain. Lots of people place them in the middle of the garden, but they can really go anywhere. You will find them in many differing materials such as cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.

The Benefits of Solar Outdoor Garden Fountains

Your garden wall fountain can be run by numerous power sources. Ecological solar powered fountains, which are now easily available, have replaced older fountains which run on electricity.

Even though initial costs may be higher, solar powered water fountains are the most cost-effective going forward. Many different elements such as terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are typically used in making solar powered water features. Your decor dictates which type best fits you. Easy to care for and an excellent way to make a substantial contribution to the environment, they make wonderful additions to your garden sanctuary as well.

Indoor wall fountains not only give you something attractive to look at, they also help to cool your home. An alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they cool down your home by using the same principles. Since they consume less electricity, they also help you save money on your monthly energy bill.

One way to generate a cooling effect is to fan clean, dry air across them. Utilizing the ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can help to enhance circulation. It is essential that the surface of the water have air regularly blowing across it. Cool, crisp air is one of the natural benefits of fountains and waterfalls. Merely being in the vicinity of a sizeable public fountain or waterfall will send a sudden chill through whoever is nearby. Your fountain cooling system should not be placed in an area which is particularly hot. Direct sunlight, for example, reduces the ability of your fountain to produce cold air.

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The skill of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But yet there was no time for home life, domesticated architecture, and adornment until the Normans had overcome the whole realm. Most often designed upon windy peaks, castles were fundamental constructs that permitted their occupants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive programs, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The serene practice of gardening was not viable in these bleak bastions. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. A massive terrace serves as a hindrance to invaders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and surrounded by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Water-raising Tool by Camillo Agrippa

Although the mechanism made by Agrippa for lifting water attained the admiration of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to vanish not very long after. It may be that in 1592 when Rome’s most recent waterway, the Acqua Felice, started providing the Villa Medici, there was simply no longer much use for the device. The more plausible reason is that the unit was forgotten once Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s brotherexpired in 1588, leading him to give up his rank as cardinal and return to Florence where he accepted the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. There may have been other remarkable water-related works in Renaissance gardens in the later part of the sixteenth century, including water fountains that played tunes, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and also scenographic water presentations, but none of them were operated by water which defied the force of gravity.

Relish the Unique Design of the Cascade Water Fountain at the Garden of Chatsworth

The Cascade garden fountain creates a amazing garden centerpiece at the back of Chatsworth House.

Twenty-four irregularly spaced stone steps in a series stretch 200 yards towards the house and all the way down the hillside. Completely gravity fed, the Cascade too is dependent on a 17th century French concept. Created for the initial Duke of Devonshire in 1696, this water fountain has continued unmodified ever since. At the apex of the fountain, from which water runs downward, is the Cascade House. Decorated on the outside of the house with underwater creatures in bas-relief, the residence is a smaller building. Just before continuing down the Cascade, on unique occasions water pressure to the Cascade can be increased, causing the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade display, as water runs through ducts on its rooftop and from the jaws of its carved marine creatures. The shape of each step was made slightly different and means that the sound of the water falling may vary as it falls down the Cascades, providing a remarkable and soothing accompaniment to a stroll through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade, was named England's best water feature.


The Distribution of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe
Throughout Europe, the primary means of spreading useful hydraulic facts and fountain design suggestions were the published pamphlets and illustrated books of the day, which added to the advancement of scientific technology. An unnamed French water... read more
The Original Water Feature Manufacturers
Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century,... read more
The Father Of Rome's Water Feature Design
In Rome’s city center, there are countless celebrated fountains. Practically all of them were planned, architected and built by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His skills as a water feature... read more
The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping
The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and... read more