A True Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

a-445__84717.jpg Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of pagan and Christian artifacts on the site of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The famed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not often visited. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area because it was bleak and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. As part of a project to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to design a fountain. The job of laying down the church’s first stones started on August 17, 1717. The blessing of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Why Your Your Four-Legged Friends and Visiting Birds Relish Fountains

Outdoor water features and bird feeders are a healthy way to draw in wildlife and pets. Drinking, washing, and grooming are some of the things birds need to do. Robins, thrushes, orioles and warblers, though not attracted to bird feeders, are instead drawn to the motion of water created by fountains. While bowl-shaped bird baths can be unexciting to many birds, fountains are more enticing because of the moving water they produce. Trickling fountains which spatter water have a more detectable sound, this attracting even more birds.

Dogs like fountains as they provide another place to drink water. Dogs and cats will be outdoors looking out for refreshing water during hot temperatures. Also, regularly flowing water fountains require less upkeep than the still water of a birdbath that tend to get dirtier.

The Famed Revelation Fountain at the Gardens of Chatsworth

The popular British sculptor Angela Conner created the Chatsworth decorative exterior fountain called “Revelation.” In commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration, she was commissioned by the deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to build a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth designed of brass and steel in 2004.

One of Chatsworth’s earliest ponds, Jack Pond, had “Revelation” installed in it in 1999. The four big metallic petals open and close with the flow of water, alternatively concealing and revealing a golden globe at the sculpture’s heart. A steel globe decorated with gold dust was incorporated into the sculpture, which rests five meters in height and five meters in width. This most recent water fountain is an intriguing and innovative addition to the Chatsworth Gardens, unique in that the movement of the flower petals is completely driven by water.

Characteristics of Garden Statuary in Archaic Greece

Up until the Archaic Greeks provided the first freestanding sculpture, a remarkable success, carvings had primarily been done in walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, statues of young, handsome male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the majority of the sculptures. Considered by Greeks to represent skin care, the kouroi were created into firm, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-developed, and fit. In about 650 BC, the differences of the kouroi became life-sized.

Throughout the Archaic period, a big time of changes, the Greeks were evolving new forms of government, expressions of art, and a deeper comprehension of people and cultures outside Greece. During this time and other times of historic tumult, clashes often took place, among them wars fought between city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan infiltration of Samos.

Design a Garden Fountain as a Memorial

For a loved one you have lost, a garden fountain can make a unique memorial. Age-old customs are frequently met with defiance nowadays. Yet most cultures even today build memorials to honor their dead. Some memorials might feature a number of personal items. They can be designed in countless ways, and backyard garden fountains are widely seen as a perfect way to remember those who have passed. Including photographs, planting a tree or flowers, attaching a custom made plaque, or holding a vigil at the fountain to pay homage are ways you can make it more personal.

You can pay homage to the deceased in unique and personal ways with garden fountains. Prosperity, achievement, and good fortune all are symbolized by the trickling water which celebrates the memory of the defunct. It is highly recommended to buy a high quality, sturdy garden fountain that is resistant to bad weather so that it will last a very long time. When you get your garden fountain up and working, you will want to make sure it is going to last for a long time.

A Brief History of Garden Water Fountains

The water from creeks and other sources was originally supplied to the citizens of nearby towns and municipalities via water fountains, whose purpose was primarily practical, not aesthetic. Gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the close of the 19th century, using the forceful power of water traveling down hill from a spring or creek to push the water through spigots or other outlets. The beauty and wonder of fountains make them perfect for traditional memorials. If you saw the very first fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. The first recognized water fountain was a natural stone basin carved that served as a container for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. Natural stone basins are believed to have been first made use of around 2,000 BC. The spray of water appearing from small spouts was pressured by gravity, the only power source builders had in those days.

Positioned near aqueducts or creeks, the functional public water fountains provided the local residents with fresh drinking water. The Romans began constructing decorative fountains in 6 BC, most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of wildlife and mythological representations. The impressive aqueducts of Rome supplied water to the spectacular public fountains, most of which you can travel to today.

Builders of the First Water Features

Fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a imaginative master, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an inventor and scientific guru. The forces of nature inspired him to examine the qualities and movement of water, and due to his curiosity, he systematically documented his ideas in his now celebrated notebooks. Early Italian fountain designers transformed private villa settings into innovative water showcases full of symbolic meaning and natural beauty by coupling imagination with hydraulic and gardening experience. The magnificence in Tivoli were developed by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was widely known for his skill in archeology, engineering and garden design. Other water feature engineers, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water humor for the many properties in the vicinity of Florence, were tried and tested in humanist subjects and traditional scientific texts.


Chatsworth: The "Revelation" Water Feature
Designed by well-known British sculptor Angela Conner, "Revelation" is the most recent addition to the Chatsworth ornamental exterior water fountains. The late 11th Duke of Devonshire commissioned her, due to her work in brass... read more
Gardens of Chatworth: The "Revelation" Water Display
“Revelation,” the latest inclusion to the decorative garden fountains of Chatsworth, was created by renowned British sculptor Angela Conner. In celebration... read more
Green Large Outdoor Fountains
Less maintenance is a result of adding this kind of fountain. Since these do not function using an electric generator that could clog up with clutter, they need little cleaning. Which ultimately means more time to chill... read more